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Protein

NEDD8-conjugating enzyme Ubc12

Gene

UBE2M

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Accepts the ubiquitin-like protein NEDD8 from the UBA3-NAE1 E1 complex and catalyzes its covalent attachment to other proteins. The specific interaction with the E3 ubiquitin ligase RBX1, but not RBX2, suggests that the RBX1-UBE2M complex neddylates specific target proteins, such as CUL1, CUL2, CUL3 and CUL4. Involved in cell proliferation (By similarity).By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: protein neddylation

This protein is involved in the pathway protein neddylation, which is part of Protein modification.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway protein neddylation and in Protein modification.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei111Glycyl thioester intermediatePROSITE-ProRule annotation1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionTransferase
Biological processUbl conjugation pathway
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-BTA-2173789 TGF-beta receptor signaling activates SMADs
R-BTA-8951664 Neddylation
R-BTA-983168 Antigen processing: Ubiquitination & Proteasome degradation

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00885

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
NEDD8-conjugating enzyme Ubc12 (EC:2.3.2.-)
Alternative name(s):
NEDD8 carrier protein
Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 M
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:UBE2M
Synonyms:UBC12
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 18

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:36589 UBE2M

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003283971 – 183NEDD8-conjugating enzyme Ubc12Add BLAST183

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei1N-acetylmethionineBy similarity1
Modified residuei3N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei50PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei169Asymmetric dimethylarginine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei169Omega-N-methylarginine; alternateBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

The acetylation of Met-1 increases affinity for DCUN1D1 by about 2 orders of magnitude and is crucial for NEDD8 transfer to cullins.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Methylation, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
A3KN22

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
A3KN22

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
A3KN22

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSBTAG00000012744 Expressed in 9 organ(s), highest expression level in heart

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with UBA3 and RBX1. Interacts (acetylated at N-terminal methionine) with DCUN1D1 (via DCUN1 domain).By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000016937

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
A3KN22

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
A3KN22

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 57Interaction with UBA3By similarityAdd BLAST57

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

Both the N-terminal docking peptide and the catalytic core domain must bind the UBA3-NAE1 complex simultaneously for optimal transfer of NEDD8.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme family. UBC12 subfamily.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0420 Eukaryota
ENOG410XS81 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000162814

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000233456

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG098591

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
A3KN22

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K10579

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
MIKIWSM

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
EOG091G0N8A

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF101125

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00195 UBCc, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.10.110.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR000608 UBQ-conjugat_E2
IPR023313 UBQ-conjugating_AS
IPR016135 UBQ-conjugating_enzyme/RWD

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00179 UQ_con, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF54495 SSF54495, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00183 UBIQUITIN_CONJUGAT_1, 1 hit
PS50127 UBIQUITIN_CONJUGAT_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

A3KN22-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MIKLFSLKQQ KKEEESAGGT KGSSKKASAA QLRIQKDINE LNLPKTCDIS
60 70 80 90 100
FSDPDDLLNF KLVICPDEGF YKSGKFVFSF KVGQGYPHDP PKVKCETMVY
110 120 130 140 150
HPNIDLEGNV CLNILREDWK PVLTINSIIY GLQYLFLEPN PEDPLNKEAA
160 170 180
EVLQNNRRLF EQNVQRSMRG GYIGSTYFER CLK
Length:183
Mass (Da):20,900
Last modified:April 3, 2007 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iE3C288CA6A98BC5C
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC133501 mRNA Translation: AAI33502.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001076972.1, NM_001083503.1

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Bt.10025

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSBTAT00000016937; ENSBTAP00000016937; ENSBTAG00000012744

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
613343

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:613343

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC133501 mRNA Translation: AAI33502.1
RefSeqiNP_001076972.1, NM_001083503.1
UniGeneiBt.10025

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliA3KN22
SMRiA3KN22
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000016937

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiA3KN22
PeptideAtlasiA3KN22
PRIDEiA3KN22

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000016937; ENSBTAP00000016937; ENSBTAG00000012744
GeneIDi613343
KEGGibta:613343

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
9040
VGNCiVGNC:36589 UBE2M

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0420 Eukaryota
ENOG410XS81 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000162814
HOGENOMiHOG000233456
HOVERGENiHBG098591
InParanoidiA3KN22
KOiK10579
OMAiMIKIWSM
OrthoDBiEOG091G0N8A
TreeFamiTF101125

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00885

ReactomeiR-BTA-2173789 TGF-beta receptor signaling activates SMADs
R-BTA-8951664 Neddylation
R-BTA-983168 Antigen processing: Ubiquitination & Proteasome degradation

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000012744 Expressed in 9 organ(s), highest expression level in heart

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00195 UBCc, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.10.110.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000608 UBQ-conjugat_E2
IPR023313 UBQ-conjugating_AS
IPR016135 UBQ-conjugating_enzyme/RWD
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00179 UQ_con, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF54495 SSF54495, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00183 UBIQUITIN_CONJUGAT_1, 1 hit
PS50127 UBIQUITIN_CONJUGAT_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiUBC12_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A3KN22
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 8, 2008
Last sequence update: April 3, 2007
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 86 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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