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Entry version 79 (02 Jun 2021)
Sequence version 1 (20 Mar 2007)
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Protein

Cellulose 1,4-beta-cellobiosidase (reducing end) CelS

Gene

celS

Organism
Hungateiclostridium thermocellum (strain ATCC 27405 / DSM 1237 / JCM 9322 / NBRC 103400 / NCIMB 10682 / NRRL B-4536 / VPI 7372) (Clostridium thermocellum)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

This enzyme catalyzes the exohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-glucosidic linkages in cellulose with a preference for amorphous or crystalline cellulose over carboxymethyl cellulose.

1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

  • Hydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in cellulose and similar substrates, releasing cellobiose from the reducing ends of the chains.1 Publication EC:3.2.1.176

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Inhibited by cellobiose and lactose, but not by glucose.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>pH dependencei

Optimum pH is 5-6.1 Publication

Temperature dependencei

Optimum temperature is 70 degrees Celsius.1 Publication

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei76SubstrateBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei87Proton donorBy similarity1
Binding sitei140SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei204SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei241SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei247SubstrateBy similarity1
Active sitei255NucleophileBy similarity1
Binding sitei421SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei520SubstrateBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi679Calcium 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi681Calcium 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi683Calcium 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi684Calcium 1; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi685Calcium 1; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi690Calcium 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi711Calcium 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi711Calcium 3By similarity1
Metal bindingi712Calcium 2; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi713Calcium 3By similarity1
Metal bindingi715Calcium 3By similarity1
Metal bindingi717Calcium 2; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi717Calcium 3; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi722Calcium 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi722Calcium 3By similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionGlycosidase, Hydrolase
Biological processCarbohydrate metabolism, Cellulose degradation, Polysaccharide degradation
LigandCalcium, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
CTHE203119:G1G86-2173-MONOMER
MetaCyc:MONOMER-16423

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
3.2.1.176, 1530

Protein family/group databases

Carbohydrate-Active enZymes

More...
CAZyi
GH48, Glycoside Hydrolase Family 48

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Cellulose 1,4-beta-cellobiosidase (reducing end) CelS (EC:3.2.1.176)
Alternative name(s):
Cellobiohydrolase CelS
Cellulase SS
Endo-1,4-beta-glucanase
Endoglucanase SS
Short name:
EGSS
Exocellulase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:celS
Ordered Locus Names:Cthe_2089
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHungateiclostridium thermocellum (strain ATCC 27405 / DSM 1237 / JCM 9322 / NBRC 103400 / NCIMB 10682 / NRRL B-4536 / VPI 7372) (Clostridium thermocellum)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri203119 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaFirmicutesClostridiaEubacterialesOscillospiraceaeAcetivibrio
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002145 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Secreted

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 271 PublicationAdd BLAST27
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000028472328 – 741Cellulose 1,4-beta-cellobiosidase (reducing end) CelSAdd BLAST714

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
203119.Cthe_2089

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Biological Magnetic Resonance Data Bank

More...
BMRBi
A3DH67

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
A3DH67

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini673 – 739DockerinPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST67

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni251 – 252Substrate bindingBy similarity2
Regioni301 – 302Substrate bindingBy similarity2
Regioni326 – 327Substrate bindingBy similarity2
Regioni645 – 646Substrate bindingBy similarity2

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
COG5297, Bacteria

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_009014_1_0_9

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
QWFGFQA

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.1330.10, 1 hit
1.50.10.10, 1 hit
2.170.160.10, 1 hit
4.10.870.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR008928, 6-hairpin_glycosidase_sf
IPR012341, 6hp_glycosidase-like_sf
IPR002105, Dockerin_1_rpt
IPR016134, Dockerin_dom
IPR036439, Dockerin_dom_sf
IPR023309, Endo-1-4-beta-glucanase_dom2
IPR027390, Endoglucanase_F_dom3
IPR000556, Glyco_hydro_48F

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00404, Dockerin_1, 1 hit
PF02011, Glyco_hydro_48, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00844, GLHYDRLASE48

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48208, SSF48208, 1 hit
SSF63446, SSF63446, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00448, CLOS_CELLULOSOME_RPT, 2 hits
PS51766, DOCKERIN, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

A3DH67-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MVKSRKISIL LAVAMLVSIM IPTTAFAGPT KAPTKDGTSY KDLFLELYGK
60 70 80 90 100
IKDPKNGYFS PDEGIPYHSI ETLIVEAPDY GHVTTSEAFS YYVWLEAMYG
110 120 130 140 150
NLTGNWSGVE TAWKVMEDWI IPDSTEQPGM SSYNPNSPAT YADEYEDPSY
160 170 180 190 200
YPSELKFDTV RVGSDPVHND LVSAYGPNMY LMHWLMDVDN WYGFGTGTRA
210 220 230 240 250
TFINTFQRGE QESTWETIPH PSIEEFKYGG PNGFLDLFTK DRSYAKQWRY
260 270 280 290 300
TNAPDAEGRA IQAVYWANKW AKEQGKGSAV ASVVSKAAKM GDFLRNDMFD
310 320 330 340 350
KYFMKIGAQD KTPATGYDSA HYLMAWYTAW GGGIGASWAW KIGCSHAHFG
360 370 380 390 400
YQNPFQGWVS ATQSDFAPKS SNGKRDWTTS YKRQLEFYQW LQSAEGGIAG
410 420 430 440 450
GATNSWNGRY EKYPAGTSTF YGMAYVPHPV YADPGSNQWF GFQAWSMQRV
460 470 480 490 500
MEYYLETGDS SVKNLIKKWV DWVMSEIKLY DDGTFAIPSD LEWSGQPDTW
510 520 530 540 550
TGTYTGNPNL HVRVTSYGTD LGVAGSLANA LATYAAATER WEGKLDTKAR
560 570 580 590 600
DMAAELVNRA WYNFYCSEGK GVVTEEARAD YKRFFEQEVY VPAGWSGTMP
610 620 630 640 650
NGDKIQPGIK FIDIRTKYRQ DPYYDIVYQA YLRGEAPVLN YHRFWHEVDL
660 670 680 690 700
AVAMGVLATY FPDMTYKVPG TPSTKLYGDV NDDGKVNSTD AVALKRYVLR
710 720 730 740
SGISINTDNA DLNEDGRVNS TDLGILKRYI LKEIDTLPYK N
Length:741
Mass (Da):83,558
Last modified:March 20, 2007 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i39FDF4680BDB1144
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
L06942 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA23226.1
CP000568 Genomic DNA Translation: ABN53296.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A47063

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
ABN53296; ABN53296; Cthe_2089

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
cth:Cthe_2089

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
L06942 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA23226.1
CP000568 Genomic DNA Translation: ABN53296.1
PIRiA47063

3D structure databases

BMRBiA3DH67
SMRiA3DH67
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi203119.Cthe_2089

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGH48, Glycoside Hydrolase Family 48

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiABN53296; ABN53296; Cthe_2089
KEGGicth:Cthe_2089

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG5297, Bacteria
HOGENOMiCLU_009014_1_0_9
OMAiQWFGFQA

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciCTHE203119:G1G86-2173-MONOMER
MetaCyc:MONOMER-16423
BRENDAi3.2.1.176, 1530

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.1330.10, 1 hit
1.50.10.10, 1 hit
2.170.160.10, 1 hit
4.10.870.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR008928, 6-hairpin_glycosidase_sf
IPR012341, 6hp_glycosidase-like_sf
IPR002105, Dockerin_1_rpt
IPR016134, Dockerin_dom
IPR036439, Dockerin_dom_sf
IPR023309, Endo-1-4-beta-glucanase_dom2
IPR027390, Endoglucanase_F_dom3
IPR000556, Glyco_hydro_48F
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00404, Dockerin_1, 1 hit
PF02011, Glyco_hydro_48, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00844, GLHYDRLASE48
SUPFAMiSSF48208, SSF48208, 1 hit
SSF63446, SSF63446, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00448, CLOS_CELLULOSOME_RPT, 2 hits
PS51766, DOCKERIN, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGUNS_HUNT2
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A3DH67
Secondary accession number(s): P38686
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 17, 2007
Last sequence update: March 20, 2007
Last modified: June 2, 2021
This is version 79 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Glycosyl hydrolases
    Classification of glycosyl hydrolase families and list of entries
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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