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Entry version 97 (26 Feb 2020)
Sequence version 1 (20 Mar 2007)
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Protein

SUMO-activating enzyme subunit 1

Gene

SAE1

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

The heterodimer acts as an E1 ligase for SUMO1, SUMO2, SUMO3, and probably SUMO4. It mediates ATP-dependent activation of SUMO proteins followed by formation of a thioester bond between a SUMO protein and a conserved active site cysteine residue on UBA2/SAE2 (By similarity).By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: protein sumoylation

This protein is involved in the pathway protein sumoylation, which is part of Protein modification.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway protein sumoylation and in Protein modification.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLigase
Biological processUbl conjugation pathway

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-BTA-3065676 SUMO is conjugated to E1 (UBA2:SAE1)
R-BTA-3065678 SUMO is transferred from E1 to E2 (UBE2I, UBC9)

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00886

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
SUMO-activating enzyme subunit 1
Alternative name(s):
Ubiquitin-like 1-activating enzyme E1A
Cleaved into the following chain:
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:SAE1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaArtiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 18

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:34261 SAE1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004232891 – 346SUMO-activating enzyme subunit 1Add BLAST346
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemoved; alternateBy similarity
ChainiPRO_00003281372 – 346SUMO-activating enzyme subunit 1, N-terminally processedAdd BLAST345

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei1N-acetylmethionineBy similarity1
Modified residuei2N-acetylvaline; in SUMO-activating enzyme subunit 1, N-terminally processedBy similarity1
Modified residuei12PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei198N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
A2VE14

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
A2VE14

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
A2VE14

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSBTAG00000002676 Expressed in testis and 9 other tissues

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
A2VE14 baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Heterodimer of SAE1 and UBA2/SAE2. The heterodimer corresponds to the two domains that are encoded on a single polypeptide chain in ubiquitin-activating enzyme E1.

Interacts with UBE2I (By similarity).

By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000003467

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
A2VE14

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the ubiquitin-activating E1 family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG2014 Eukaryota
COG0476 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00550000075007

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_002556_4_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
A2VE14

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K10684

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
MEAPHRN

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1180926at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF315037

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR000594 ThiF_NAD_FAD-bd
IPR035985 Ubiquitin-activating_enz
IPR000011 UBQ/SUMO-activ_enz_E1-like

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00899 ThiF, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01849 UBIQUITINACT

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF69572 SSF69572, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 2 potential isoforms that are computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

A2VE14-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MVEKEEAGGG ISEEEAAQYD RQIRLWGLEA QKRLRASQVL LVGMKGLGAE
60 70 80 90 100
IAKNLILAGV KGLTMLDHEQ VSPEDPGAQF LIRTGSVGRN RAEASLERAQ
110 120 130 140 150
NLNPMVDVKV DTENIEKKPE SFFTQFDAVC LTCCSRDVIV KVDQICHKNS
160 170 180 190 200
IKFFTGDVFG YHGYTFANLG EHEFVEEKTK VAKVSQGVED GPDTKRAKLD
210 220 230 240 250
SSETTMVKKK VVFCSVKEAL EVDWSSDKAK AALKRTTPDY FLLQVLLKFR
260 270 280 290 300
TDKGRDPSSD TFGEDSELLL QIRNDVLDAL GVNPDLLPED FVRYCFSEMA
310 320 330 340
PVCAVVGGIL AQEIVKALSQ RDPPHNNFFF FDGMKGNGIV ECLGPN
Length:346
Mass (Da):38,306
Last modified:March 20, 2007 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i04CE3BE656FA8EC6
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There are 2 potential isoforms mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
A0A3Q1LQS3A0A3Q1LQS3_BOVIN
SUMO-activating enzyme subunit 1
SAE1
373Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A3Q1M9J2A0A3Q1M9J2_BOVIN
SUMO-activating enzyme subunit 1
SAE1
292Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC133519 mRNA Translation: AAI33520.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001075180.1, NM_001081711.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSBTAT00000003467; ENSBTAP00000003467; ENSBTAG00000002676

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
505512

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:505512

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC133519 mRNA Translation: AAI33520.1
RefSeqiNP_001075180.1, NM_001081711.1

3D structure databases

SMRiA2VE14
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000003467

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiA2VE14
PeptideAtlasiA2VE14
PRIDEiA2VE14

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000003467; ENSBTAP00000003467; ENSBTAG00000002676
GeneIDi505512
KEGGibta:505512

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
10055
VGNCiVGNC:34261 SAE1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2014 Eukaryota
COG0476 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00550000075007
HOGENOMiCLU_002556_4_0_1
InParanoidiA2VE14
KOiK10684
OMAiMEAPHRN
OrthoDBi1180926at2759
TreeFamiTF315037

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00886
ReactomeiR-BTA-3065676 SUMO is conjugated to E1 (UBA2:SAE1)
R-BTA-3065678 SUMO is transferred from E1 to E2 (UBE2I, UBC9)

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000002676 Expressed in testis and 9 other tissues
ExpressionAtlasiA2VE14 baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000594 ThiF_NAD_FAD-bd
IPR035985 Ubiquitin-activating_enz
IPR000011 UBQ/SUMO-activ_enz_E1-like
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00899 ThiF, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01849 UBIQUITINACT
SUPFAMiSSF69572 SSF69572, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSAE1_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A2VE14
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 8, 2008
Last sequence update: March 20, 2007
Last modified: February 26, 2020
This is version 97 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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