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Entry version 77 (16 Jan 2019)
Sequence version 2 (23 Mar 2010)
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Protein

Myeloid differentiation primary response protein MyD88

Gene

MYD88

Organism
Sus scrofa (Pig)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Adapter protein involved in the Toll-like receptor and IL-1 receptor signaling pathway in the innate immune response. Acts via IRAK1, IRAK2, IRF7 and TRAF6, leading to NF-kappa-B activation, cytokine secretion and the inflammatory response. Increases IL-8 transcription. Involved in IL-18-mediated signaling pathway. Activates IRF1 resulting in its rapid migration into the nucleus to mediate an efficient induction of IFN-beta, NOS2/INOS, and IL12A genes (By similarity). MyD88-mediated signaling in intestinal epithelial cells is crucial for maintenance of gut homeostasis and controls the expression of the antimicrobial lectin REG3G in the small intestine (By similarity).By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processImmunity, Inflammatory response, Innate immunity

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Myeloid differentiation primary response protein MyD88
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:MYD88
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSus scrofa (Pig)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9823 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaSuinaSuidaeSus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000008227 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003931361 – 293Myeloid differentiation primary response protein MyD88Add BLAST293

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei241PhosphoserineBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Ubiquitinated; undergoes 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitination. OTUD4 specifically hydrolyzes 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitinated MYD88.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
A2TF48

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
A2TF48

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in esophagus, duodenum, jejenum, ileum, ileal Peyer patches, mesenteric lymph node, colon and spleen.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
A2TF48 SS

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer. Also forms heterodimers with TIRAP. Binds to TLR2, TLR4, IRAK1, IRAK2 and IRAK4 via their respective TIR domains. Interacts with IL18R1. Interacts with BMX, IL1RL1, IKBKE and IRF7. Interacts with LRRFIP1 and LRRFIP2; this interaction positively regulates Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling in response to agonist. Interacts with FLII. LRRFIP1 and LRRFIP2 compete with FLII for MYD88-binding. Interacts with IRF1. Upon IL1B treatment, forms a complex with PELI1, IRAK1, IRAK4 and TRAF6; this complex recruits MAP3K7/TAK1, TAB1 and TAB2 to mediate NF-kappa-B activation. Direct binding of SMAD6 to PELI1 prevents the complex formation and hence negatively regulates IL1R-TLR signaling and eventually NF-kappa-B-mediated gene expression. May interact with PIK3AP1. Interacts (via TIR domain) with DHX9 (via H2A and OB-fold regions); this interaction is direct. Interacts with OTUD4 deubiquitinase; the interaction is direct.By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9823.ENSSSCP00000011996

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
A2TF48

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
A2TF48

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini32 – 109DeathPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST78
Domaini156 – 293TIRPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST138

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni110 – 152Intermediate domainBy similarityAdd BLAST43

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The intermediate domain (ID) is required for the phosphorylation and activation of IRAK.By similarity

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410IIN8 Eukaryota
ENOG410ZIY0 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000068971

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG052547

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
A2TF48

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K04729

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
890418at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF326264

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd08312 Death_MyD88, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.50.10140, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011029 DEATH-like_dom_sf
IPR000488 Death_domain
IPR034249 MyD88_Death
IPR017281 Myelin_different_resp_MyD88
IPR000157 TIR_dom
IPR035897 Toll_tir_struct_dom_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR15079 PTHR15079, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00531 Death, 1 hit
PF01582 TIR, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF037756 MyD88, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00005 DEATH, 1 hit
SM00255 TIR, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47986 SSF47986, 1 hit
SSF52200 SSF52200, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50017 DEATH_DOMAIN, 1 hit
PS50104 TIR, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

A2TF48-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAAGGSGAES APPTPSMSSL PLAALNVRVR HRLSLFLNVR TQVAADWTGL
60 70 80 90 100
AEEMNFEYLE IRRLETHPDP TRSLLDDWQG RPGASVGRLL ELLAKLGRDD
110 120 130 140 150
VLVELGPSIE EDCRKYILKQ QQEAAEKPLQ VDSVDSSIPW MSGITIRDDP
160 170 180 190 200
LGQMPEHFDA FICYCPSDIQ FVQEMIRQLE QTNYRLKLCV SDRDVLPGTC
210 220 230 240 250
VWSIASELIE KRCRRMVVVV SDDYLQSKEC DFQTKFALSL SPGAHQKRLI
260 270 280 290
PVKYKSMKKE FPSILRFITV CDYTNPCTKS WFWTRLARAL SLP
Length:293
Mass (Da):33,254
Last modified:March 23, 2010 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i3B893B610B7E9E76
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti3A → E in BAG12314 (PubMed:17976317).Curated1
Sequence conflicti3A → E in ABW74617 (Ref. 3) Curated1
Sequence conflicti3A → E in ABW74618 (Ref. 3) Curated1
Sequence conflicti169I → T in ABM90642 (Ref. 2) Curated1
Sequence conflicti218V → A in BAG12314 (PubMed:17976317).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB292176 mRNA Translation: BAG12314.1
EF198416 mRNA Translation: ABM90642.1
EU056736 mRNA Translation: ABW74617.1
EU056737 Genomic DNA Translation: ABW74618.1
EU077229 mRNA Translation: ABU54860.1
EU155133 mRNA Translation: ABV91305.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001093393.1, NM_001099923.1

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Ssc.23492

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
396646

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ssc:396646

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB292176 mRNA Translation: BAG12314.1
EF198416 mRNA Translation: ABM90642.1
EU056736 mRNA Translation: ABW74617.1
EU056737 Genomic DNA Translation: ABW74618.1
EU077229 mRNA Translation: ABU54860.1
EU155133 mRNA Translation: ABV91305.1
RefSeqiNP_001093393.1, NM_001099923.1
UniGeneiSsc.23492

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliA2TF48
SMRiA2TF48
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9823.ENSSSCP00000011996

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiA2TF48
PRIDEiA2TF48

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi396646
KEGGissc:396646

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
4615

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IIN8 Eukaryota
ENOG410ZIY0 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000068971
HOVERGENiHBG052547
InParanoidiA2TF48
KOiK04729
OrthoDBi890418at2759
TreeFamiTF326264

Gene expression databases

GenevisibleiA2TF48 SS

Family and domain databases

CDDicd08312 Death_MyD88, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.40.50.10140, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011029 DEATH-like_dom_sf
IPR000488 Death_domain
IPR034249 MyD88_Death
IPR017281 Myelin_different_resp_MyD88
IPR000157 TIR_dom
IPR035897 Toll_tir_struct_dom_sf
PANTHERiPTHR15079 PTHR15079, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00531 Death, 1 hit
PF01582 TIR, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF037756 MyD88, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00005 DEATH, 1 hit
SM00255 TIR, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47986 SSF47986, 1 hit
SSF52200 SSF52200, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50017 DEATH_DOMAIN, 1 hit
PS50104 TIR, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiMYD88_PIG
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A2TF48
Secondary accession number(s): A7UL70
, A8I488, B1B361, C6ZCT2
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 23, 2010
Last sequence update: March 23, 2010
Last modified: January 16, 2019
This is version 77 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome
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