Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Entry version 101 (12 Aug 2020)
Sequence version 1 (06 Mar 2007)
Previous versions | rss
Help videoAdd a publicationFeedback
Protein

Glycogen [starch] synthase, muscle

Gene

Gys1

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Transfers the glycosyl residue from UDP-Glc to the non-reducing end of alpha-1,4-glucan.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Allosteric activation by glucose-6-phosphate. Phosphorylation reduces the activity towards UDP-glucose. When in the non-phosphorylated state, glycogen synthase does not require glucose-6-phosphate as an allosteric activator; when phosphorylated it does (By similarity).By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: glycogen biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway glycogen biosynthesis, which is part of Glycan biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway glycogen biosynthesis and in Glycan biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei39UDP-glucoseBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAllosteric enzyme, Glycosyltransferase, Transferase
Biological processGlycogen biosynthesis

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-3322077, Glycogen synthesis

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00164

Protein family/group databases

Carbohydrate-Active enZymes

More...
CAZyi
GT3, Glycosyltransferase Family 3

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glycogen [starch] synthase, muscle (EC:2.4.1.11)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Gys1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 1

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
1589798, Gys1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003669201 – 738Glycogen [starch] synthase, muscleAdd BLAST738

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei8Phosphoserine; by AMPK and PKABy similarity1
Modified residuei11PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei412PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei641PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei645PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei649Phosphoserine; by GSK3-alpha and GSK3-betaBy similarity1
Modified residuei652PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei653PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei657PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei672PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei698PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei709PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei711PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei722PhosphothreonineCombined sources1
Modified residuei728PhosphoserineBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylation at Ser-8 by AMPK inactivates the enzyme activity. Primed phosphorylation at Ser-657 (site 5) by CSNK2A1 and CSNK2A2 is required for inhibitory phosphorylation at Ser-641 (site 3a), Ser-645 (site 3b), Ser-649 (site 3c) and Ser-653 (site 4) by GSK3A an GSK3B. Phosphorylated at Ser-641 by PASK, leading to inactivation; phosphorylation by PASK is inhibited by glycogen. Phosphorylated at Ser-641 by DYRK2, leading to inactivation. Dephosphorylation at Ser-641 and Ser-645 by PP1 activates the enzyme (By similarity).By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
A2RRU1

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
A2RRU1

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
A2RRU1

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
A2RRU1

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
A2RRU1

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
A2RRU1

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000020812, Expressed in skeletal muscle tissue and 22 other tissues

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
A2RRU1, RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with GYG1.

By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
605796, 3 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
A2RRU1, 2 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000028271

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
A2RRU1

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the glycosyltransferase 3 family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3742, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00390000018612

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_015910_1_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
A2RRU1

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00693

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
VFHPDFL

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
264593at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
A2RRU1

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF300306

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd03793, GT3_GSY2-like, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR008631, Glycogen_synth

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10176, PTHR10176, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF05693, Glycogen_syn, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

A2RRU1-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MPLSRSLSMS SLPGLEDWED EFDPENAVLF EVAWEVANKV GGIYTVLQTK
60 70 80 90 100
AKVTGDEWGD NYYLVGPYTE QGVRTQVELL EPPTPELKRT LDSMNSKGCK
110 120 130 140 150
VYFGRWLIEG GPLVVLLDVG ASAWALERWK GELWDTCNIG VPWYDREAND
160 170 180 190 200
AVLFGFLTTW FLGEFLAQNE EKPYVVAHFH EWLAGVGLCL CRARRLPVAT
210 220 230 240 250
IFTTHATLLG RYLCAGAVDF YNNLENFNVD KEAGERQIYH RYCMERAAAH
260 270 280 290 300
CAHVFTTVSQ ITAIEAQHLL KRKPDIVTPN GLNVKKFSAM HEFQNLHAQS
310 320 330 340 350
KARIQEFVRG HFYGHLDFNL DKTLYFFIAG RYEFSNKGAD IFLEALARLN
360 370 380 390 400
YLLRVNGSEQ TVVAFFIMPA RTNNFNVETL KGQAVRKQLW DTANTVKEKF
410 420 430 440 450
GRKLYESLLV GSLPDMNKML DKEDFTMMKR AIFATQRQSF PPVCTHNMLD
460 470 480 490 500
DSSDPILTTI RRIGLFNSSA DRVKVIFHPE FLSSTSPLLP VDYEEFVRGC
510 520 530 540 550
HLGVFPSYYE PWGYTPAECT VMGIPSISTN LSGFGCFMEE HIADPSAYGI
560 570 580 590 600
YILDRRFRSL DDSCSQLTSF LYSFCQQSRR QRIIQRNRTE RLSDLLDWKY
610 620 630 640 650
LGRYYMSARH MALAKAFPDH FTYEPHEVDA TQGYRYPRPA SVPPSPSLSR
660 670 680 690 700
HSSPHQSEDE EEPRDGPLRE DSERYDEEEE AAKDRRNIRA PEWPRRASCS
710 720 730
SSTGGSKRSN SVDTGPSSSL STPTEPLSPT SSLGEERN
Length:738
Mass (Da):84,072
Last modified:March 6, 2007 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i912823E398F5263C
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC131849 mRNA Translation: AAI31850.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001103085.1, NM_001109615.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000028271; ENSRNOP00000028271; ENSRNOG00000020812

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
690987

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:690987

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:1589798, rat

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC131849 mRNA Translation: AAI31850.1
RefSeqiNP_001103085.1, NM_001109615.1

3D structure databases

SMRiA2RRU1
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi605796, 3 interactors
IntActiA2RRU1, 2 interactors
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000028271

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGT3, Glycosyltransferase Family 3

PTM databases

iPTMnetiA2RRU1
PhosphoSitePlusiA2RRU1

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiA2RRU1
PaxDbiA2RRU1
PeptideAtlasiA2RRU1
PRIDEiA2RRU1

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000028271; ENSRNOP00000028271; ENSRNOG00000020812
GeneIDi690987
KEGGirno:690987
UCSCiRGD:1589798, rat

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
2997
RGDi1589798, Gys1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3742, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000018612
HOGENOMiCLU_015910_1_0_1
InParanoidiA2RRU1
KOiK00693
OMAiVFHPDFL
OrthoDBi264593at2759
PhylomeDBiA2RRU1
TreeFamiTF300306

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00164
ReactomeiR-RNO-3322077, Glycogen synthesis

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:A2RRU1

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000020812, Expressed in skeletal muscle tissue and 22 other tissues
GenevisibleiA2RRU1, RN

Family and domain databases

CDDicd03793, GT3_GSY2-like, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR008631, Glycogen_synth
PANTHERiPTHR10176, PTHR10176, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF05693, Glycogen_syn, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGYS1_RAT
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A2RRU1
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 24, 2009
Last sequence update: March 6, 2007
Last modified: August 12, 2020
This is version 101 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again