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Protein

Tubulin beta-1 chain

Gene

Tubb1

Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain (By similarity).By similarity

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Nucleotide bindingi140 – 146GTPSequence analysis7

GO - Molecular functioni

  • GTPase activity Source: InterPro
  • GTP binding Source: GO_Central
  • structural constituent of cytoskeleton Source: MGI

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

LigandGTP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-MMU-190840 Microtubule-dependent trafficking of connexons from Golgi to the plasma membrane
R-MMU-2132295 MHC class II antigen presentation
R-MMU-2467813 Separation of Sister Chromatids
R-MMU-2500257 Resolution of Sister Chromatid Cohesion
R-MMU-3371497 HSP90 chaperone cycle for steroid hormone receptors (SHR)
R-MMU-380320 Recruitment of NuMA to mitotic centrosomes
R-MMU-437239 Recycling pathway of L1
R-MMU-5610787 Hedgehog 'off' state
R-MMU-5617833 Cilium Assembly
R-MMU-5620924 Intraflagellar transport
R-MMU-5626467 RHO GTPases activate IQGAPs
R-MMU-5632684 Hedgehog 'on' state
R-MMU-5663220 RHO GTPases Activate Formins
R-MMU-6807878 COPI-mediated anterograde transport
R-MMU-6811434 COPI-dependent Golgi-to-ER retrograde traffic
R-MMU-6811436 COPI-independent Golgi-to-ER retrograde traffic
R-MMU-68877 Mitotic Prometaphase
R-MMU-8852276 The role of GTSE1 in G2/M progression after G2 checkpoint
R-MMU-8955332 Carboxyterminal post-translational modifications of tubulin
R-MMU-983189 Kinesins

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Tubulin beta-1 chain
Gene namesi
Name:Tubb1
OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)
Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus
Proteomesi
  • UP000000589 Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

MGIiMGI:107814 Tubb1

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Cytoskeleton, Microtubule

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00004130971 – 451Tubulin beta-1 chainAdd BLAST451

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei172Phosphoserine; by CDK1By similarity1
Modified residuei435PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei4405-glutamyl polyglutamateBy similarity1

Post-translational modificationi

Some glutamate residues at the C-terminus are polyglycylated, resulting in polyglycine chains on the gamma-carboxyl group. Glycylation is mainly limited to tubulin incorporated into axonemes (cilia and flagella) whereas glutamylation is prevalent in neuronal cells, centrioles, axonemes, and the mitotic spindle. Both modifications can coexist on the same protein on adjacent residues, and lowering polyglycylation levels increases polyglutamylation, and reciprocally. The precise function of polyglycylation is still unclear.1 Publication
Some glutamate residues at the C-terminus are polyglutamylated, resulting in polyglutamate chains on the gamma-carboxyl group (PubMed:15890843). Polyglutamylation plays a key role in microtubule severing by spastin (SPAST). SPAST preferentially recognizes and acts on microtubules decorated with short polyglutamate tails: severing activity by SPAST increases as the number of glutamates per tubulin rises from one to eight, but decreases beyond this glutamylation threshold (By similarity).By similarity1 Publication
Phosphorylated on Ser-172 by CDK1 during the cell cycle, from metaphase to telophase, but not in interphase. This phosphorylation inhibits tubulin incorporation into microtubules.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Isopeptide bond, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiA2AQ07
PaxDbiA2AQ07
PeptideAtlasiA2AQ07
PRIDEiA2AQ07

PTM databases

iPTMnetiA2AQ07
PhosphoSitePlusiA2AQ07

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSMUSG00000016255 Expressed in 13 organ(s), highest expression level in liver

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Dimer of alpha and beta chains. A typical microtubule is a hollow water-filled tube with an outer diameter of 25 nm and an inner diameter of 15 nM. Alpha-beta heterodimers associate head-to-tail to form protofilaments running lengthwise along the microtubule wall with the beta-tubulin subunit facing the microtubule plus end conferring a structural polarity. Microtubules usually have 13 protofilaments but different protofilament numbers can be found in some organisms and specialized cells. Interacts with RANBP10.1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi244340, 4 interactors
STRINGi10090.ENSMUSP00000016399

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliA2AQ07
SMRiA2AQ07
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the tubulin family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1375 Eukaryota
COG5023 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00760000119061
HOGENOMiHOG000165710
HOVERGENiHBG000089
InParanoidiA2AQ07
KOiK07375
OMAiDNFIHGN
OrthoDBiEOG091G06U2
TreeFamiTF300298

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.287.600, 1 hit
3.30.1330.20, 1 hit
3.40.50.1440, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013838 Beta-tubulin_BS
IPR002453 Beta_tubulin
IPR008280 Tub_FtsZ_C
IPR000217 Tubulin
IPR018316 Tubulin/FtsZ_2-layer-sand-dom
IPR037103 Tubulin/FtsZ_C_sf
IPR036525 Tubulin/FtsZ_GTPase_sf
IPR023123 Tubulin_C
IPR017975 Tubulin_CS
IPR003008 Tubulin_FtsZ_GTPase
PANTHERiPTHR11588 PTHR11588, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00091 Tubulin, 1 hit
PF03953 Tubulin_C, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01163 BETATUBULIN
PR01161 TUBULIN
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00864 Tubulin, 1 hit
SM00865 Tubulin_C, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF52490 SSF52490, 1 hit
SSF55307 SSF55307, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00227 TUBULIN, 1 hit
PS00228 TUBULIN_B_AUTOREG, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

A2AQ07-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MREIVHIQIG QCGNQIGAKF WEVIGEEHGI DCAGSYCGTS ALQLERISVY
60 70 80 90 100
YNEAYGKKYV PRAVLVDLEP GTMDSIRSSR LGVLFQPDSF VHGNSGAGNN
110 120 130 140 150
WAKGHYTEGA ELIENVMDVV RRESESCDCL QGFQIVHSLG GGTGSGMGTL
160 170 180 190 200
LMNKIREEYP DRILNSFSVM PSPKVSDTVV EPYNAVLSIH QLIENTDACF
210 220 230 240 250
CIDNEALYDI CFRTLRLTTP TYGDLNHLVS LTMSGITTSL RFPGQLNADL
260 270 280 290 300
RKLAVNMVPF PRLHFFMPGF APLTAQGSQQ YRALSVAELT QQMFDARNIM
310 320 330 340 350
AACDPRRGRY LTVACIFRGK MSTKEVDQQL LSIQTRNSNC FVEWIPNNVK
360 370 380 390 400
VAVCDIPPRG LNMAATFLGN NTAIQELFTR VSEHFSAMFR RRAFVHWYTS
410 420 430 440 450
EGMDISEFGE AESDIHDLVS EYQQFQDVRA GLEDSEEDVE EAEVEAEDKD

H
Length:451
Mass (Da):50,441
Last modified:February 20, 2007 - v1
Checksum:i9E68D52353E9850F
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL844534 Genomic DNA Translation: CAM26336.1
CH466551 Genomic DNA Translation: EDL06679.1
BC147322 mRNA Translation: AAI47323.1
BC147323 mRNA Translation: AAI47324.1
BC147687 mRNA Translation: AAI47688.1
BC147698 mRNA Translation: AAI47699.1
CCDSiCCDS38359.1
RefSeqiNP_001074440.1, NM_001080971.2
UniGeneiMm.45285

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSMUST00000016399; ENSMUSP00000016399; ENSMUSG00000016255
GeneIDi545486
KEGGimmu:545486
UCSCiuc008ofe.2 mouse

Similar proteinsi

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL844534 Genomic DNA Translation: CAM26336.1
CH466551 Genomic DNA Translation: EDL06679.1
BC147322 mRNA Translation: AAI47323.1
BC147323 mRNA Translation: AAI47324.1
BC147687 mRNA Translation: AAI47688.1
BC147698 mRNA Translation: AAI47699.1
CCDSiCCDS38359.1
RefSeqiNP_001074440.1, NM_001080971.2
UniGeneiMm.45285

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliA2AQ07
SMRiA2AQ07
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi244340, 4 interactors
STRINGi10090.ENSMUSP00000016399

PTM databases

iPTMnetiA2AQ07
PhosphoSitePlusiA2AQ07

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiA2AQ07
PaxDbiA2AQ07
PeptideAtlasiA2AQ07
PRIDEiA2AQ07

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSMUST00000016399; ENSMUSP00000016399; ENSMUSG00000016255
GeneIDi545486
KEGGimmu:545486
UCSCiuc008ofe.2 mouse

Organism-specific databases

CTDi81027
MGIiMGI:107814 Tubb1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1375 Eukaryota
COG5023 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00760000119061
HOGENOMiHOG000165710
HOVERGENiHBG000089
InParanoidiA2AQ07
KOiK07375
OMAiDNFIHGN
OrthoDBiEOG091G06U2
TreeFamiTF300298

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-MMU-190840 Microtubule-dependent trafficking of connexons from Golgi to the plasma membrane
R-MMU-2132295 MHC class II antigen presentation
R-MMU-2467813 Separation of Sister Chromatids
R-MMU-2500257 Resolution of Sister Chromatid Cohesion
R-MMU-3371497 HSP90 chaperone cycle for steroid hormone receptors (SHR)
R-MMU-380320 Recruitment of NuMA to mitotic centrosomes
R-MMU-437239 Recycling pathway of L1
R-MMU-5610787 Hedgehog 'off' state
R-MMU-5617833 Cilium Assembly
R-MMU-5620924 Intraflagellar transport
R-MMU-5626467 RHO GTPases activate IQGAPs
R-MMU-5632684 Hedgehog 'on' state
R-MMU-5663220 RHO GTPases Activate Formins
R-MMU-6807878 COPI-mediated anterograde transport
R-MMU-6811434 COPI-dependent Golgi-to-ER retrograde traffic
R-MMU-6811436 COPI-independent Golgi-to-ER retrograde traffic
R-MMU-68877 Mitotic Prometaphase
R-MMU-8852276 The role of GTSE1 in G2/M progression after G2 checkpoint
R-MMU-8955332 Carboxyterminal post-translational modifications of tubulin
R-MMU-983189 Kinesins

Miscellaneous databases

PROiPR:A2AQ07
SOURCEiSearch...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSMUSG00000016255 Expressed in 13 organ(s), highest expression level in liver

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.287.600, 1 hit
3.30.1330.20, 1 hit
3.40.50.1440, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013838 Beta-tubulin_BS
IPR002453 Beta_tubulin
IPR008280 Tub_FtsZ_C
IPR000217 Tubulin
IPR018316 Tubulin/FtsZ_2-layer-sand-dom
IPR037103 Tubulin/FtsZ_C_sf
IPR036525 Tubulin/FtsZ_GTPase_sf
IPR023123 Tubulin_C
IPR017975 Tubulin_CS
IPR003008 Tubulin_FtsZ_GTPase
PANTHERiPTHR11588 PTHR11588, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00091 Tubulin, 1 hit
PF03953 Tubulin_C, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01163 BETATUBULIN
PR01161 TUBULIN
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00864 Tubulin, 1 hit
SM00865 Tubulin_C, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF52490 SSF52490, 1 hit
SSF55307 SSF55307, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00227 TUBULIN, 1 hit
PS00228 TUBULIN_B_AUTOREG, 1 hit
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiTBB1_MOUSE
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A2AQ07
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 19, 2011
Last sequence update: February 20, 2007
Last modified: November 7, 2018
This is version 107 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. MGD cross-references
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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