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Protein

Alcohol dehydrogenase patD

Gene

patD

Organism
Aspergillus clavatus (strain ATCC 1007 / CBS 513.65 / DSM 816 / NCTC 3887 / NRRL 1)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Alcohol dehydrogenase; part of the gene cluster that mediates the biosynthesis of patulin, an acetate-derived tetraketide mycotoxin produced by several fungal species that shows antimicrobial properties against several bacteria (PubMed:19383676, PubMed:24334092). The pathway begins with the synthesis of 6-methylsalicylic acid by the polyketide synthase (PKS) patK via condensation of acetate and malonate units (PubMed:19383676). PatG then catalyzes the decarboxylation of 6-methylsalicylic acid to yield m-cresol (PubMed:24334092). The cytochrome P450 monooxygenase patH then converts m-cresol to m-hydroxybenzyl alcohol, which is further converted to gentisyl alcohol by the cytochrome P450 monooxygenase patI (PubMed:19383676). The conversion of gentisyl alcohol to two-ring compound neopatulin remains a matter of speculation, but it involves at least two intermediates, isoepoxydon and phyllostin (PubMed:19383676). PatN catalyzes the transformation of isoepoxydon into phyllostin (PubMed:19383676). The last part of the biosynthetic pathway involves the conversion of neopatulin to ascladiol followed by the transformation of the latter into patulin (PubMed:19383676).2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Zn2+By similarityNote: Binds 2 Zn2+ ions per subunit.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: patulin biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway patulin biosynthesis, which is part of Mycotoxin biosynthesis.1 Publication
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway patulin biosynthesis and in Mycotoxin biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi46Zinc 1; catalyticBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei47NADBy similarity1
Metal bindingi67Zinc 1; catalyticBy similarity1
Binding sitei67SubstrateBy similarity1
Metal bindingi68Zinc 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi101Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi104Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi112Zinc 2By similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi198 – 203NADBy similarity6
Nucleotide bindingi295 – 297NADBy similarity3
Nucleotide bindingi320 – 322NADBy similarity3

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
LigandMetal-binding, NAD, NADP, Zinc

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00918

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Alcohol dehydrogenase patD1 Publication (EC:1.1.1.11 Publication)
Alternative name(s):
Patulin synthesis protein D1 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:patD1 Publication
ORF Names:ACLA_093590
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiAspergillus clavatus (strain ATCC 1007 / CBS 513.65 / DSM 816 / NCTC 3887 / NRRL 1)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri344612 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaPezizomycotinaEurotiomycetesEurotiomycetidaeEurotialesAspergillaceaeAspergillus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006701 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unassembled WGS sequence

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

More...
EuPathDBi
FungiDB:ACLA_093590

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section describes the use of a specific protein in the biotechnological industry.<p><a href='/help/biotechnological_use' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Biotechnological usei

Patulin was originally used as an antibiotic and specifically trialed to be used against the common cold, but it is no longer used for that purpose since it has been shown to induce immunological, neurological and gastrointestinal effects (PubMed:15082620). Genotoxic effects of patulin with dose-dependent increase in DNA strand breaks in brain, liver and kidneys have been detected in mice (PubMed:22222931). However, more recently, it has been proposed that patulin might also have anti-tumor properties (PubMed:26619846).3 Publications

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004371141 – 388Alcohol dehydrogenase patDAdd BLAST388

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
5057.CADACLAP00008386

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

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ProteinModelPortali
A1CFL1

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

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MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000294685

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
QYPGGYA

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
EOG092C2Q8E

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR013149 ADH_C
IPR013154 ADH_N
IPR011032 GroES-like_sf
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
IPR020843 PKS_ER

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF08240 ADH_N, 1 hit
PF00107 ADH_zinc_N, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00829 PKS_ER, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF50129 SSF50129, 1 hit
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

A1CFL1-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MGSTLPTTYK RAFFEKQDAT LTLEEVQLIE PQRGEILVKV EACGVCHSDH
60 70 80 90 100
FAQMNLMGGG FPRVPGHEVV GRVAAVGDGE TYWKIGDRTG AGWHGGHDGT
110 120 130 140 150
CGACKKGLFQ MCDNEQVNGI TRDGGYAEYV LIRSEAAVRI PDHVNAAKYA
160 170 180 190 200
PMLCAGVTVF NSIRQMNIPV GETVVIQGLG GLGHLALQYA NRFGYRVVAL
210 220 230 240 250
SRGAQKEEFA RKLGAHVYID TSKEDPVAAL QKLGGAALIV STAPSPELIN
260 270 280 290 300
PLIEGLGVLG KLLILSIVGG IEVHTGLLVS ERRIAIHRTN SIVRSLLTNS
310 320 330 340 350
KVGKGKSIWS WPSGHATDSE EAIAFAELQG IDCLVEEFPL EKCNEAFGRS
360 370 380
SSTTADRERV FLADFTGLTT TAAMMDGSVR FRAVITME
Length:388
Mass (Da):41,701
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iB198DF097329C0F5
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
DS027052 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW11660.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
XP_001273086.1, XM_001273085.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl fungal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblFungii
EAW11660; EAW11660; ACLA_093590

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
4704848

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
act:ACLA_093590

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
DS027052 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW11660.1
RefSeqiXP_001273086.1, XM_001273085.1

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliA1CFL1
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi5057.CADACLAP00008386

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblFungiiEAW11660; EAW11660; ACLA_093590
GeneIDi4704848
KEGGiact:ACLA_093590

Organism-specific databases

EuPathDBiFungiDB:ACLA_093590

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiHOG000294685
OMAiQYPGGYA
OrthoDBiEOG092C2Q8E

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00918

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013149 ADH_C
IPR013154 ADH_N
IPR011032 GroES-like_sf
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
IPR020843 PKS_ER
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF08240 ADH_N, 1 hit
PF00107 ADH_zinc_N, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00829 PKS_ER, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF50129 SSF50129, 1 hit
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPATD_ASPCL
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A1CFL1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 7, 2016
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 67 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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