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Entry version 97 (26 Feb 2020)
Sequence version 1 (12 Dec 2006)
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Protein

Coatomer subunit beta

Gene

COPB1

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

The coatomer is a cytosolic protein complex that binds to dilysine motifs and reversibly associates with Golgi non-clathrin-coated vesicles, which further mediate biosynthetic protein transport from the ER, via the Golgi up to the trans Golgi network. Coatomer complex is required for budding from Golgi membranes, and is essential for the retrograde Golgi-to-ER transport of dilysine-tagged proteins. In mammals, the coatomer can only be recruited by membranes associated to ADP-ribosylation factors (ARFs), which are small GTP-binding proteins; the complex also influences the Golgi structural integrity, as well as the processing, activity, and endocytic recycling of LDL receptors. Involved in the Golgi disassembly and reassembly processes during cell cycle. Plays a functional role in facilitating the transport of kappa-type opioid receptor mRNAs into axons and enhances translation of these proteins. Required for limiting lipid storage in lipid droplets. Involved in lipid homeostasis by regulating the presence of perilipin family members PLIN2 and PLIN3 at the lipid droplet surface and promoting the association of adipocyte surface triglyceride lipase (PNPLA2) with the lipid droplet to mediate lipolysis. Involved in autophagy by playing a role in early endosome function. Plays a role in organellar compartmentalization of secretory compartments including endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC), Golgi, trans-Golgi network (TGN) and recycling endosomes, and in biosynthetic transport of CAV1.1 Publication

Miscellaneous

Brefeldin A induces dissociation from the Golgi of the beta-COP and presumably the other coatomer subunits.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processER-Golgi transport, Protein transport, Transport

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-BTA-6798695 Neutrophil degranulation
R-BTA-6807878 COPI-mediated anterograde transport
R-BTA-6811434 COPI-dependent Golgi-to-ER retrograde traffic

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Coatomer subunit beta
Alternative name(s):
Beta-coat protein
Short name:
Beta-COP
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:COPB1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaArtiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 15

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:27593 COPB1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Cytoplasmic vesicle, Golgi apparatus, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002838082 – 953Coatomer subunit betaAdd BLAST952

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei2N-acetylthreonineBy similarity1
Modified residuei494N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Proteolytically cleaved between Ser-528 and Ser-529 by CAPN8.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
A0JN39

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
A0JN39

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
A0JN39

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSBTAG00000006556 Expressed in spleen and 9 other tissues

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Oligomeric complex that consists of at least the alpha, beta, beta', gamma, delta, epsilon and zeta subunits.

Interacts with ARF1 (myristoylated); this interaction is required for binding of COPB1 to Golgi membranes.

Interacts with CAPN8 and PRKCE (By similarity).

Interacts with SCYL1 (By similarity).

Interacts with COPG1 (By similarity).

Interacts (via trunk domain) with ARF1 (via switch I region); the interaction is direct (By similarity).

Interacts with KCNK2 (via N-terminus); this interaction increases the channel-mediated whole cell currents and promotes plasma membrane expression of KCNK2 (By similarity).

Interacts with STX17 (By similarity).

Interacts with TMEM115 (By similarity).

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
192108, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000008616

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section indicates the positions and types of repeated sequence motifs or repeated domains within the protein.<p><a href='/help/repeat' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Repeati96 – 131HEAT 1Add BLAST36
Repeati132 – 168HEAT 2Add BLAST37
Repeati240 – 276HEAT 3Add BLAST37
Repeati277 – 314HEAT 4Add BLAST38
Repeati316 – 353HEAT 5Add BLAST38
Repeati396 – 433HEAT 6Add BLAST38

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1058 Eukaryota
COG5096 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00390000005270

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_006949_0_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
A0JN39

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K17301

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
QHPNEFL

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
195812at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF105737

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.25.10.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011989 ARM-like
IPR016024 ARM-type_fold
IPR002553 Clathrin/coatomer_adapt-like_N
IPR011710 Coatomer_bsu_C
IPR016460 COPB1
IPR029446 COPB1_appendage_platform_dom

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10635 PTHR10635, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01602 Adaptin_N, 1 hit
PF07718 Coatamer_beta_C, 1 hit
PF14806 Coatomer_b_Cpla, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF005727 Coatomer_beta_subunit, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48371 SSF48371, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

A0JN39-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MTAAENVCYT LINVPMDSEP PSEISLKNDL EKGDVKSKTE ALKKVIIMIL
60 70 80 90 100
NGEKLPGLLM TIIRFVLPLQ DHTIKKLLLV FWEIVPKTTP DGRLLHEMIL
110 120 130 140 150
VCDAYRKDLQ HPNEFIRGST LRFLCKLKEA ELLEPLMPAI RACLEHRHSY
160 170 180 190 200
VRRNAVLAIY TIYRNFEHLI PDAPELIHDF LVNEKDASCK RNAFMMLIHA
210 220 230 240 250
DQDRALDYLS TCIDQVQTFG DILQLVIVEL IYKVCHANPS ERARFIRCIY
260 270 280 290 300
NLLQSSSPAV KYEAAGTLVT LSSAPTAIKA AAQCYIDLII KESDNNVKLI
310 320 330 340 350
VLDRLIELKE HPAHERVLQD LVMDILRVLS TPDLEVRKKT LQLALDLVSS
360 370 380 390 400
RNVEELVIVL KKEVIKTNNV SEHEDTDKYR QLLVRTLHSC SVRFPDMAAN
410 420 430 440 450
VIPVLMEFLS DSNEAAAADV LEFVREAIQR FDNLRMLIVE KMLEVFHAIK
460 470 480 490 500
SVKIYRGALW ILGEYCSTKD DIQSVMTEVR RSLGEIPIVE SEIKKEAGEL
510 520 530 540 550
KPEEEITVGP VQKLVTEMGT YATQSALSSS RPTKKEEERP PLRGFLLDGD
560 570 580 590 600
FFVAASLATT LTKIALRYVA LVQEKKKQNS FVAEAMLLMA TILHLGKSSL
610 620 630 640 650
PKKPITDDDV DRISLCLKVL SECSPLMNDI FNKECRQSLS HMLSAKLEEE
660 670 680 690 700
KLSQKKESEK RNVTVQPDDP ISFMQLTAKN EMNCKEDQFQ LSLLAAMGNT
710 720 730 740 750
QRKEAADPLA SKLNKVTQLT GFSDPVYAEA YVHVNQYDIV LDVLVVNQTS
760 770 780 790 800
DTLQNCTLEL ATLGDLKLVE KPSPLTLAPH DFANIKANVK VASTENGIIF
810 820 830 840 850
GNIVYDVSGA ASDRNCVVLS DIHIDIMDYI QPATCTDAEF RQMWAEFEWE
860 870 880 890 900
NKVTVNTNIV DLNDYLQHIL KSTNMKCLTP EKALSGYCGF MAANLYARSI
910 920 930 940 950
FGEDALANVS IEKPIQQGPE APVTGHIRIR AKSQGMALSL GDKINLSQKK

NSI
Length:953
Mass (Da):107,127
Last modified:December 12, 2006 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i60DDC06C7A2B56FD
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC126502 mRNA Translation: AAI26503.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001071475.1, NM_001078007.1
XP_015330164.1, XM_015474678.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSBTAT00000008616; ENSBTAP00000008616; ENSBTAG00000006556

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
535533

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:535533

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC126502 mRNA Translation: AAI26503.1
RefSeqiNP_001071475.1, NM_001078007.1
XP_015330164.1, XM_015474678.1

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi192108, 1 interactor
STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000008616

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiA0JN39
PeptideAtlasiA0JN39
PRIDEiA0JN39

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000008616; ENSBTAP00000008616; ENSBTAG00000006556
GeneIDi535533
KEGGibta:535533

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
1315
VGNCiVGNC:27593 COPB1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1058 Eukaryota
COG5096 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000005270
HOGENOMiCLU_006949_0_0_1
InParanoidiA0JN39
KOiK17301
OMAiQHPNEFL
OrthoDBi195812at2759
TreeFamiTF105737

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-BTA-6798695 Neutrophil degranulation
R-BTA-6807878 COPI-mediated anterograde transport
R-BTA-6811434 COPI-dependent Golgi-to-ER retrograde traffic

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000006556 Expressed in spleen and 9 other tissues

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.25.10.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011989 ARM-like
IPR016024 ARM-type_fold
IPR002553 Clathrin/coatomer_adapt-like_N
IPR011710 Coatomer_bsu_C
IPR016460 COPB1
IPR029446 COPB1_appendage_platform_dom
PANTHERiPTHR10635 PTHR10635, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01602 Adaptin_N, 1 hit
PF07718 Coatamer_beta_C, 1 hit
PF14806 Coatomer_b_Cpla, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF005727 Coatomer_beta_subunit, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF48371 SSF48371, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCOPB_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A0JN39
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 17, 2007
Last sequence update: December 12, 2006
Last modified: February 26, 2020
This is version 97 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome
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