Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Entry version 8 (29 Sep 2021)
Sequence version 1 (26 Feb 2020)
Previous versions | rss
Add a publicationFeedback
Protein

Malate dehydrogenase

Gene

MDH1

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei98SubstrateUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei131SubstrateUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei162SubstrateUniRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei187Proton acceptorUniRule annotation1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductaseUniRule annotation
Biological processTricarboxylic acid cycleUniRule annotationARBA annotation
LigandNADUniRule annotationARBA annotation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Malate dehydrogenaseUniRule annotation (EC:1.1.1.37UniRule annotation)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:MDH1Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
HGNCi
HGNC:6970, MDH1

Eukaryotic Pathogen, Vector and Host Database Resources

More...
VEuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSG00000014641

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Organism-specific databases

Open Targets

More...
OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000014641

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Proteomic databases

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
A0A5K1VW95

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

ARBA annotation

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini6 – 152Ldh_1_NInterPro annotationAdd BLAST147
Domaini156 – 330Ldh_1_CInterPro annotationAdd BLAST175

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the LDH/MDH superfamily.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00530000063410

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd01336, MDH_cytoplasmic_cytosolic, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.90.110.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_01517, Malate_dehydrog_2, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001557, L-lactate/malate_DH
IPR022383, Lactate/malate_DH_C
IPR001236, Lactate/malate_DH_N
IPR015955, Lactate_DH/Glyco_Ohase_4_C
IPR001252, Malate_DH_AS
IPR011274, Malate_DH_NAD-dep_euk
IPR010945, Malate_DH_type2
IPR036291, NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR23382, PTHR23382, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02866, Ldh_1_C, 1 hit
PF00056, Ldh_1_N, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000102, Lac_mal_DH, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51735, SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF56327, SSF56327, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01759, MalateDH-SF1, 1 hit
TIGR01758, MDH_euk_cyt, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00068, MDH, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 8 potential isoforms that are computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

A0A5K1VW95-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSEPIRVLVT GAAGQIAYSL LYSIGNGSVF GKDQPIILVL LDITPMMGVL
60 70 80 90 100
DGVLMELQDC ALPLLKDVIA TDKEDVAFKD LDVAILVGSM PRREGMERKD
110 120 130 140 150
LLKANVKIFK SQGAALDKYA KKSVKVIVVG NPANTNCLTA SKSAPSIPKE
160 170 180 190 200
NFSCLTRLDH NRAKAQIALK LGVTANDVKN VIIWGNHSST QYPDVNHAKV
210 220 230 240 250
KLQGKEVGVY EALKDDSWLK GEFVTTVQQR GAAVIKARKL SSAMSAAKAI
260 270 280 290 300
CDHVRDIWFG TPEGEFVSMG VISDGNSYGV PDDLLYSFPV VIKNKTWKFV
310 320 330 340 350
EGLPINDFSR EKMDLTAKEL TEEKESAFEF LSSAXLDNDV TKCFKAEESK

CRL
Length:353
Mass (Da):38,619
Last modified:February 26, 2020 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i796C351071175B34
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There are 8 potential isoforms mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
P40925MDHC_HUMAN
Malate dehydrogenase, cytoplasmic
MDH1 MDHA
334Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
C9JF79C9JF79_HUMAN
Malate dehydrogenase
MDH1
222Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
C9JLV6C9JLV6_HUMAN
Cytosolic malate dehydrogenase
MDH1
114Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
C9JRL4C9JRL4_HUMAN
Cytosolic malate dehydrogenase
MDH1
119Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
C9IZI0C9IZI0_HUMAN
Cytosolic malate dehydrogenase
MDH1
67Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
B9A041B9A041_HUMAN
Malate dehydrogenase, cytoplasmic
MDH1
210Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
B8ZZ51B8ZZ51_HUMAN
Malate dehydrogenase, cytoplasmic
MDH1
169Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
F8WFC2F8WFC2_HUMAN
Malate dehydrogenase, cytoplasmic
MDH1
87Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AC016734 Genomic DNA No translation available.

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001303303.1, NM_001316374.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000539945; ENSP00000438144; ENSG00000014641

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
4190

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AC016734 Genomic DNA No translation available.
RefSeqiNP_001303303.1, NM_001316374.1

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Proteomic databases

PeptideAtlasiA0A5K1VW95

Protocols and materials databases

The DNASU plasmid repository

More...
DNASUi
4190

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000539945; ENSP00000438144; ENSG00000014641
GeneIDi4190

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
4190
HGNCiHGNC:6970, MDH1
OpenTargetsiENSG00000014641
VEuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000014641

GenAtlas: human gene database

More...
GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

GeneTreeiENSGT00530000063410

Family and domain databases

CDDicd01336, MDH_cytoplasmic_cytosolic, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.90.110.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_01517, Malate_dehydrog_2, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001557, L-lactate/malate_DH
IPR022383, Lactate/malate_DH_C
IPR001236, Lactate/malate_DH_N
IPR015955, Lactate_DH/Glyco_Ohase_4_C
IPR001252, Malate_DH_AS
IPR011274, Malate_DH_NAD-dep_euk
IPR010945, Malate_DH_type2
IPR036291, NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
PANTHERiPTHR23382, PTHR23382, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02866, Ldh_1_C, 1 hit
PF00056, Ldh_1_N, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000102, Lac_mal_DH, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51735, SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF56327, SSF56327, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01759, MalateDH-SF1, 1 hit
TIGR01758, MDH_euk_cyt, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00068, MDH, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiA0A5K1VW95_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A0A5K1VW95
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: February 26, 2020
Last sequence update: February 26, 2020
Last modified: September 29, 2021
This is version 8 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Proteomics identificationCombined sources, Reference proteomeImported
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again