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Entry version 12 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (20 Dec 2017)
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Protein

D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase

Gene

PHGDH

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: L-serine biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes L-serine from 3-phospho-D-glycerate.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in the 3 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (HEL-S-113), D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHGDH), D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHGDH), D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHGDH)
  2. Phosphoserine aminotransferase, Phosphoserine aminotransferase (PSAT1), Phosphoserine aminotransferase (PSAT1)
  3. Phosphoserine phosphatase (PSPH)
This subpathway is part of the pathway L-serine biosynthesis, which is itself part of Amino-acid biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes L-serine from 3-phospho-D-glycerate, the pathway L-serine biosynthesis and in Amino-acid biosynthesis.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductaseUniRule annotation
Biological processAmino-acid biosynthesis, Serine biosynthesisUniRule annotation
LigandNADUniRule annotation

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00135;UER00196

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenaseUniRule annotation (EC:1.1.1.95UniRule annotation)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:PHGDHImported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 1

Organism-specific databases

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
HGNCi
HGNC:8923 PHGDH

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Organism-specific databases

Open Targets

More...
OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000092621

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
A0A2C9F2M7

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
A0A2C9F2M7

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
A0A2C9F2M7 baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
A0A2C9F2M7

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini9 – 3172-Hacid_dhInterPro annotationAdd BLAST309
Domaini112 – 2852-Hacid_dh_CInterPro annotationAdd BLAST174

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the D-isomer specific 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000155863

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.30.1330.90, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR029009 ASB_dom_sf
IPR006139 D-isomer_2_OHA_DH_cat_dom
IPR029753 D-isomer_DH_CS
IPR029752 D-isomer_DH_CS1
IPR006140 D-isomer_DH_NAD-bd
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
IPR006236 PGDH

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00389 2-Hacid_dh, 1 hit
PF02826 2-Hacid_dh_C, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF143548 SSF143548, 1 hit
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01327 PGDH, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00065 D_2_HYDROXYACID_DH_1, 1 hit
PS00670 D_2_HYDROXYACID_DH_2, 1 hit
PS00671 D_2_HYDROXYACID_DH_3, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 14 potential isoforms that are computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

A0A2C9F2M7-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAFANLRKVL ISDSLDPCCR KILQDGGLQV VEKQNLSKEE LIAELQDCEG
60 70 80 90 100
LIVRSATKVT ADVINAAEKL QVVGRAGTGV DNVDLEAATR KGILVMNTPN
110 120 130 140 150
GNSLSAAELT CGMIMCLARQ IPQATASMKD GKWERKKFMG TELNGKTLGI
160 170 180 190 200
LGLGRIGREV ATRMQSFGMK TIGYDPIISP EVSASFGVQQ LPLEEIWPLC
210 220 230 240 250
DFITVHTPLL PSTTGLLNDN TFAQCKKGVR VVNCARGGIV DEGALLRALQ
260 270 280 290 300
SGQCAGAALD VFTEEPPRDR ALVDHENVIS CPHLGASTKE AQSRCGEEIA
310 320 330 340 350
VQFVDMVKGK SLTGVVNAQA LTSAFSPHTK PWIGLAEALG TLMRAWAGSP
360 370 380 390 400
KGTIQVITQG TSLKNAGNCL SPAVIVGLLK EASKQADVNL VNAKLLVKEA
410 420 430 440 450
GLNVTTSHSP AAPGEQGFGE CLLAVALAGA PYQAVGLVQG TTPVLQGLNG
460 470 480 490 500
AVFRPEVPLR RDLPLLLFRT QTSDPAMLPT MIGVSSISRP PGRGRRAAAV
510 520 530
LPDFTGVRWG DLARHGHLLL AAQPGSVEAA CD
Length:532
Mass (Da):56,112
Last modified:December 20, 2017 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iC140574EAFC9D345
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There are 14 potential isoforms mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
O43175SERA_HUMAN
D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase
PHGDH PGDH3
533Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A286YF22A0A286YF22_HUMAN
D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase
PHGDH
526Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A286YF78A0A286YF78_HUMAN
D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase
PHGDH
276Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A286YFA2A0A286YFA2_HUMAN
D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase
PHGDH
445Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A286YFL2A0A286YFL2_HUMAN
D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase
PHGDH
429Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A286YFM8A0A286YFM8_HUMAN
D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase
PHGDH
239Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A286YFK5A0A286YFK5_HUMAN
D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase
PHGDH
145Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A286YFE1A0A286YFE1_HUMAN
D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase
PHGDH
89Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A286YF34A0A286YF34_HUMAN
D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase
PHGDH
72Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A286YFC8A0A286YFC8_HUMAN
D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase
PHGDH
123Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
There are more potential isoformsShow all

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL109966 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AL139251 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AL589734 Genomic DNA No translation available.

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000369409; ENSP00000358417; ENSG00000092621

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL109966 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AL139251 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AL589734 Genomic DNA No translation available.

3D structure databases

SMRiA0A2C9F2M7
ModBaseiSearch...

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiA0A2C9F2M7
PeptideAtlasiA0A2C9F2M7

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000369409; ENSP00000358417; ENSG00000092621

Organism-specific databases

HGNCiHGNC:8923 PHGDH
OpenTargetsiENSG00000092621

GenAtlas: human gene database

More...
GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

GeneTreeiENSGT00940000155863

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00135;UER00196

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
PHGDH human

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiA0A2C9F2M7 baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.30.1330.90, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029009 ASB_dom_sf
IPR006139 D-isomer_2_OHA_DH_cat_dom
IPR029753 D-isomer_DH_CS
IPR029752 D-isomer_DH_CS1
IPR006140 D-isomer_DH_NAD-bd
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
IPR006236 PGDH
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00389 2-Hacid_dh, 1 hit
PF02826 2-Hacid_dh_C, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF143548 SSF143548, 1 hit
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01327 PGDH, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00065 D_2_HYDROXYACID_DH_1, 1 hit
PS00670 D_2_HYDROXYACID_DH_2, 1 hit
PS00671 D_2_HYDROXYACID_DH_3, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiA0A2C9F2M7_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A0A2C9F2M7
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: December 20, 2017
Last sequence update: December 20, 2017
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 12 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Proteomics identificationCombined sources, Reference proteomeImported
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