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Entry version 9 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (02 Nov 2016)
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Protein

Short-chain dehydrogenase sdnK

Gene

sdnK

Organism
Sordaria araneosa (Pleurage araneosa)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Short-chain dehydrogenase; part of the gene cluster that mediates the biosynthesis of sordarin and hypoxysordarin, glycoside antibiotics with a unique tetracyclic diterpene aglycone structure (PubMed:27072286). First, the geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase sdnC constructs GGDP from farnesyl diphosphate and isopentenyl diphosphate (PubMed:27072286). The diterpene cyclase sdnA then catalyzes the cyclization of GGDP to afford cycloaraneosene (PubMed:27072286). Cycloaraneosene is then hydroxylated four times by the putative cytochrome P450 monooxygenases sdnB, sdnE, sdnF and sdnH to give a hydroxylated cycloaraneosene derivative such as cycloaraneosene-8,9,13,19-tetraol (PubMed:27072286). Although the order of the hydroxylations is unclear, at least C8, C9 and C13 of the cycloaraneosene skeleton are hydroxylated before the sordaricin formation (PubMed:27072286). Dehydration of the 13-hydroxy group of the hydroxylated cycloaraneosene derivative might be catalyzed by an unassigned hypothetical protein such as sdnG and sdnP to construct the cyclopentadiene moiety (PubMed:27072286). The FAD-dependent oxidoreductase sdnN is proposed to catalyze the oxidation at C9 of the hydroxylated cycloaraneosene derivative and also catalyze the Baeyer-Villiger oxidation to give the lactone intermediate (PubMed:27072286). The presumed lactone intermediate would be hydrolyzed to give an acrolein moiety and a carboxylate moiety (PubMed:27072286). Then, [4+2]cycloaddition would occur between the acrolein moiety and the cyclopentadiene moiety to give sordaricin (PubMed:27072286). SdnN might also be involved in the [4+2]cycloaddition after the hypothesized oxidation to accommodate the oxidized product and prompt the [4+2]cycloaddition (PubMed:27072286). GDP-6-deoxy-D-altrose may be biosynthesized from GDP-D-mannose by the putative GDP-mannose-4,6-dehydratase sdnI and the short-chain dehydrogenase sdnK (PubMed:27072286). The glycosyltransferase sdnJ catalyzes the attachment of 6-deoxy-D-altrose onto the 19-hydroxy group of sordaricin to give 4'-O-demethylsordarin (PubMed:27072286). The methyltransferase sdnD would complete the biosynthesis of sordarin (PubMed:27072286). Sordarin can be further modified into hypoxysordarin (PubMed:27072286). The unique acyl chain at the 3'-hydroxy group of hypoxysordarin would be constructed by an iterative type I PKS sdnO and the trans-acting polyketide methyltransferase sdnL. SdnL would be responsible for the introduction of an alpha-methyl group of the polyketide chain (PubMed:27072286). Alternatively, the beta-lactamase-like protein sdnR might be responsible for the cleavage and transfer of the polyketide chain from the PKS sdnO to sordarin (PubMed:27072286). Two putative cytochrome P450 monooxygenases, sdnQ and sdnT, might catalyze the epoxidations of the polyketide chain to complete the biosynthesis of hypoxysordarin (PubMed:27072286). Transcriptional regulators sdnM and sdnS are presumably encoded for the transcriptional regulation of the expression of the sdn gene cluster (PubMed:27072286).1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: Antibiotic biosynthesis

This protein is involved in Antibiotic biosynthesis.1 Publication
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in Antibiotic biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei224Proton acceptorBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi38 – 46NADBy similarity9
Nucleotide bindingi65 – 66NADBy similarity2
Nucleotide bindingi123 – 125NADBy similarity3
Nucleotide bindingi224 – 228NADBy similarity5
Nucleotide bindingi266 – 268NADBy similarity3

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processAntibiotic biosynthesis
LigandNAD

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Short-chain dehydrogenase sdnK1 Publication (EC:1.1.1.-1 Publication)
Alternative name(s):
Sordarin/hypoxysordarin biosynthesis cluster protein K1 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:sdnK1 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSordaria araneosa (Pleurage araneosa)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri573841 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaPezizomycotinaSordariomycetesSordariomycetidaeSordarialesSordariaceaeSordaria

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004410621 – 351Short-chain dehydrogenase sdnKAdd BLAST351

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR036291, NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
IPR002347, SDR_fam

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00106, adh_short, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00081, GDHRDH

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51735, SSF51735, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

A0A1B4XBH5-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MVQFNGPHGK VTVSYLRQGG LNPPAPAPKG SFTGKTVLIT GCSSGIGYQA
60 70 80 90 100
ALQIASLNPK RLILGTRTLA KGEAAKQEIL ATVGPSLDSS IIEVIPIECS
110 120 130 140 150
DLSSVRQFTT TVRKTTPPGT LDCVLLSAGL ALPTREVVTD ESGHEWPTTF
160 170 180 190 200
VVNVLAPALL ALEFLPLLQS TPGSVVESVN SISYCNVTSE DISPLLSSQD
210 220 230 240 250
EATGTTSALD FFNNPERWTT QRAYYEAKLM LMFVLEGLVQ DQAQQQASQP
260 270 280 290 300
GEDRKVLFLA CCPGQCRTNL YRQFGLGVRA FMTLFNAVIA RTAEQGARTL
310 320 330 340 350
VTGLLLQGEE AMGKMWVNDR FDDWSPGITE EEWKVLQKRV WEEIKGVLGK

A
Length:351
Mass (Da):38,070
Last modified:November 2, 2016 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iAAD2FD046F2AAA8F
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
LC079035 Genomic DNA Translation: BAV32155.1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
LC079035 Genomic DNA Translation: BAV32155.1

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

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SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR036291, NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
IPR002347, SDR_fam
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00106, adh_short, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00081, GDHRDH
SUPFAMiSSF51735, SSF51735, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSDNK_SORAA
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A0A1B4XBH5
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 30, 2017
Last sequence update: November 2, 2016
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 9 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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