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Entry version 29 (29 Sep 2021)
Sequence version 1 (09 Dec 2015)
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Protein

Gamma-terpinene synthase 1

Gene

TPS1

Organism
Thymus vulgaris (Thyme)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the biosynthesis of phenolic monoterpenes natural products thymol and carvacrol which have a broad range of biological activities acting as antimicrobial compounds, insecticides, antioxidants and pharmaceutical agents (PubMed:26750479).

Monoterpene synthase which catalyzes the conversion of geranyl diphosphate (GPP) to gamma-terpinene and the minor products alpha-thujene, alpha-terpinene, myrcene, sabinene, (+)-R-limonene, alpha-pinene and alpha-phellandrene (PubMed:26750479).

1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mn2+By similarity, Mg2+By similarityNote: Binds 3 Mg2+ or Mn2+ ions per subunit.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: terpenoid biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway terpenoid biosynthesis, which is part of Secondary metabolite biosynthesis.1 Publication
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway terpenoid biosynthesis and in Secondary metabolite biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi295Manganese 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi295Manganese 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi299Manganese 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi299Manganese 2By similarity1
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections ('Function', 'PTM / Processing', 'Pathology and Biotech') according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei302Required for gamma-terpinene synthase activity1 Publication1
Metal bindingi439Manganese 3By similarity1
Metal bindingi447Manganese 3By similarity1
Sitei511Required for gamma-terpinene synthase activity1 Publication1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyase
LigandMagnesium, Manganese, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00213

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Gamma-terpinene synthase 11 Publication (EC:4.2.3.1141 Publication)
Alternative name(s):
Alpha-terpinene synthase 11 Publication (EC:4.2.3.115By similarity)
Terpene synthase 11 Publication
Short name:
TvTPS11 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:TPS11 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiThymus vulgaris (Thyme)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri49992 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaeasteridslamiidsLamialesLamiaceaeNepetoideaeMentheaeThymus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the 'Pathology and Biotech' section describes the use of a specific protein in the biotechnological industry.<p><a href='/help/biotechnological_use' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Biotechnological usei

The monoterpenic phenol thymol is widely used as a fragrance and a flavoring ingredient in food and cosmetic industries (PubMed:29785774). Its derivatives have also several biological and pharmacological properties such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, anticarcinogenesis, antiinflammatory and antispasmodic activities (PubMed:29785774, PubMed:29874939). Medical applications include the treatment of disorders affecting the respiratory, nervous, and cardiovascular systems (PubMed:29785774). It may also act as a growth enhancer and immunomodulator (PubMed:29785774). Thymol may also have antiviral activity toward COVID-19 by binding to the S1 receptor binding domain of the SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) glycoprotein (PubMed:32834111, PubMed:33855010).4 Publications
The monoterpenic phenol carvacrol is commonly used as a fragrance and a food flavoring ingredient and preservative (PubMed:24915411). Its derivatives exhibit also various biological and pharmacological properties including antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, insecticid, nematicid, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, spasmolytic, and vasorelaxant (PubMed:24915411, PubMed:29874939, PubMed:30836858, PubMed:33664752). Phytochemical inhibitor targeting the main SARS-CoV-2 viral protease (Mpro) and ACE2 in human host cells, carvacrol is a possible candidate for treating COVID-19 (PubMed:33664752, PubMed:32448034). Carvacrol may also have antiviral activity toward COVID-19 by binding to the S1 receptor binding domain of the SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) glycoprotein (PubMed:32834111, PubMed:33855010).7 Publications

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology%5Fand%5Fbiotech%5Fsection">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi302D → G: Abolished gamma-terpinene synthase activity. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi511T → A: Reduced gamma-terpinene synthase activity. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004533091 – 542Gamma-terpinene synthase 1Add BLAST542

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Mostly expressed in flowers and, to a lower extent, in leaves, especially in glandular trichomes.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Induced by jasmonic acid (MeJA), salicylic acid (SA) and UV-C irradiation.1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

1 Publication

GO - Molecular functioni

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
A0A0M3Q1Q3

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni301 – 307Homodimerization1 Publication7
Regioni373 – 410Homodimerization1 PublicationAdd BLAST38

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi295 – 299DDXXD motifBy similarity5

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term 'domain' is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The Asp-Asp-Xaa-Xaa-Asp/Glu (DDXXD/E) motif is important for the catalytic activity, presumably through binding to Mg2+.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the terpene synthase family.Curated

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00684, Terpene_cyclase_plant_C1, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.600.10, 1 hit
1.50.10.130, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR008949, Isoprenoid_synthase_dom_sf
IPR044814, Terpene_cyclase_plant_C1
IPR001906, Terpene_synth_N
IPR036965, Terpene_synth_N_sf
IPR005630, Terpene_synthase_metal-bd
IPR008930, Terpenoid_cyclase/PrenylTrfase

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01397, Terpene_synth, 1 hit
PF03936, Terpene_synth_C, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48239, SSF48239, 1 hit
SSF48576, SSF48576, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

A0A0M3Q1Q3-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MRRSGNYQAP VWNNDFIQSF STDKYKDEKF LKKKEELIAQ VKVLLNTKME
60 70 80 90 100
AVKQLELIED LRNLGLTYYF EDEFKKILTS IYNEHKGFKN EQVGDLYFTS
110 120 130 140 150
LAFRLLRLHG FDVSEDVFNF FKNEDGSDFK ASLGENTKDV LELYEASFLI
160 170 180 190 200
RVGEVTLEQA RVFSTKILEK KVEEGIKDEK LLAWIQHSLA LPLHWRIQRL
210 220 230 240 250
EARWFLDAYK ARKDMNPIIY ELGKIDFHII QETQLQEVQE VSQWWTNTNL
260 270 280 290 300
AEKLPFVRDR IVECYFWALG LFEPHEYGYQ RKMAAIIITF VTIIDDVYDV
310 320 330 340 350
YDTLDELQLF TDAIRKWDVE SISTLPYYMQ VCYLAVFTYA SELAYDILKD
360 370 380 390 400
QGFNSISYLQ RSWLSLVEGF FQEAKWYYAG YTPTLAEYLE NAKVSISSPT
410 420 430 440 450
IISQVYFTLP NSTERTVVEN VFGYHNILYL SGMILRLADD LGTTQFELKR
460 470 480 490 500
GDVQKAIQCY MNDNNATEEE GTEHVKYLLR EAWQEMNSAM ADPDCPLSED
510 520 530 540
LVFAAANLGR TSQFIYLDGD GHGVQHSEIH NQMGGLIFEP YV
Length:542
Mass (Da):63,274
Last modified:December 9, 2015 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i723FBA647B4B3015
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
KR920616 mRNA Translation: ALB78115.1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
KR920616 mRNA Translation: ALB78115.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
5C05X-ray1.65A/B1-542[»]
SMRiA0A0M3Q1Q3
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00213

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00684, Terpene_cyclase_plant_C1, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.600.10, 1 hit
1.50.10.130, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR008949, Isoprenoid_synthase_dom_sf
IPR044814, Terpene_cyclase_plant_C1
IPR001906, Terpene_synth_N
IPR036965, Terpene_synth_N_sf
IPR005630, Terpene_synthase_metal-bd
IPR008930, Terpenoid_cyclase/PrenylTrfase
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01397, Terpene_synth, 1 hit
PF03936, Terpene_synth_C, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF48239, SSF48239, 1 hit
SSF48576, SSF48576, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGTPS1_THYVU
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A0A0M3Q1Q3
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 29, 2021
Last sequence update: December 9, 2015
Last modified: September 29, 2021
This is version 29 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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