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Entry version 30 (22 Apr 2020)
Sequence version 1 (04 Feb 2015)
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Protein

Aurantioclavine synthase cnsA

Gene

cnsA

Organism
Penicillium expansum (Blue mold rot fungus)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

FAD-linked oxidoreductase; part of the gene cluster that mediates the biosynthesis of communesins, a prominent class of indole alkaloids with great potential as pharmaceuticals (PubMed:25571861). Communesins are biosynthesized by the coupling of tryptamine and aurantioclavine, two building blocks derived from L-tryptophan (PubMed:25571861). The L-tryptophan decarboxylase cnsB converts L-tryptophan to tryptamine, whereas the tryptophan dimethylallyltransferase cnsF converts L-tryptophan to 4-dimethylallyl tryptophan which is further transformed to aurantioclavine by the aurantioclavine synthase cnsA, probably aided by the catalase cnsD (PubMed:25571861). The cytochrome P450 monooxygenase cnsC catalyzes the heterodimeric coupling between the two different indole moieties, tryptamine and aurantioclavine, to construct vicinal quaternary stereocenters and yield the heptacyclic communesin scaffold (PubMed:26963294). The O-methyltransferase cnsE then methylates the communesin scaffold to produce communesin K, the simplest characterized communesin that contains the heptacyclic core (PubMed:25571861). The dioxygenase cnsJ converts communesin K into communesin I (PubMed:25571861). Acylation to introduce the hexadienyl group at position N16 of communesin I by the acyltransferase cnsK leads to the production of communesin B. The hexadienyl group is produced by the highly reducing polyketide synthase cnsI, before being hydrolytically removed from cnsI by the serine hydrolase cnsH, converted into hexadienyl-CoA by the CoA ligase cnsG, and then transferred to communesin I by cnsK (PubMed:25571861). Surprisingly, cnsK may also be a promiscuous acyltransferase that can tolerate a range of acyl groups, including acetyl-, propionyl-, and butyryl-CoA, which lead to communesins A, G and H respectively (PubMed:25571861). The roles of the alpha-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases cnsM and cnsP have still to be determined (PubMed:25571861).2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

FADCurated

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: Alkaloid biosynthesis

This protein is involved in Alkaloid biosynthesis.1 Publication
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in Alkaloid biosynthesis.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
LigandFAD, Flavoprotein

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Aurantioclavine synthase cnsA1 Publication (EC:1.-.-.-1 Publication)
Alternative name(s):
Communesin biosynthesis cluster protein A1 Publication
FAD-linked oxidoreductase cnsA1 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:cnsA1 Publication
ORF Names:PEX2_055350
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiPenicillium expansum (Blue mold rot fungus)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri27334 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaPezizomycotinaEurotiomycetesEurotiomycetidaeEurotialesAspergillaceaePenicillium
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000030143 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unassembled WGS sequence

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the 'Pathology and Biotech' section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

Abolishes the biosynthesis of communesins A and B and leads to the accumulation of 4-dimethylallyl tryptophan (4-DMAT).1 Publication

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004464521 – 463Aurantioclavine synthase cnsAAdd BLAST463

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
A0A0A2KMZ4

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini16 – 199FAD-binding PCMH-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST184

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

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HOGENOMi
CLU_590656_0_0_1

Database of Orthologous Groups

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OrthoDBi
827142at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

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PhylomeDBi
A0A0A2KMZ4

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR012951, BBE
IPR016166, FAD-bd_PCMH
IPR036318, FAD-bd_PCMH-like_sf
IPR006094, Oxid_FAD_bind_N

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF08031, BBE, 1 hit
PF01565, FAD_binding_4, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

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SUPFAMi
SSF56176, SSF56176, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

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PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51387, FAD_PCMH, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

A0A0A2KMZ4-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MEGCTTRDST GLGLGERFNQ RGNVFLRLVS HVQCAIKFAK NHNLRLVIRN
60 70 80 90 100
TGHDGSGRSS APGSFEIHTH HLKHTHYHDD FQPVGAVTTS GPAVTVGAGV
110 120 130 140 150
ILGDLYAEGA RQGYTVVGGV CPTVGFVGGF LQGGGVSGKF SHNRGLAVDN
160 170 180 190 200
VLEIQAVTAD GDLVVANDYH NQDLFWALRG GGGGTFAVVT QATVRVFPDV
210 220 230 240 250
PCVTTQLAVS APEGLDDHSW MQVLELLLRG LRSFNEERIA GEFHLRPDPL
260 270 280 290 300
SAILTLHFLN TSDLDSVDRR LAALIDKFRT SEIPHIYSSK SHALEVPRSV
310 320 330 340 350
EAKLYASHEL TSVQMPVLYS LDPSYKVSYL NMGDPNDADF RNVYWGPNYE
360 370 380 390 400
RLLALKQKWD VDALFITRLG KRHDVMNTIP STGAGADMRS FNRDIYDLLR
410 420 430 440 450
NHAEDPRLNE VWTAINTVTE WVDWITSNGA RMIPSDIAFR FWMLRVYMTH
460
DWGCGLTSST AEL
Length:463
Mass (Da):51,122
Last modified:February 4, 2015 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iE507E2D05345FAB3
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
JQFZ01000090 Genomic DNA Translation: KGO59694.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

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RefSeqi
XP_016600807.1, XM_016742809.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl fungal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblFungii
KGO40470; KGO40470; PEXP_030460
KGO59694; KGO59694; PEX2_055350
KGO69144; KGO69144; PEX1_005870

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
27678228

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
JQFZ01000090 Genomic DNA Translation: KGO59694.1
RefSeqiXP_016600807.1, XM_016742809.1

3D structure databases

SMRiA0A0A2KMZ4
ModBaseiSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblFungiiKGO40470; KGO40470; PEXP_030460
KGO59694; KGO59694; PEX2_055350
KGO69144; KGO69144; PEX1_005870
GeneIDi27678228

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiCLU_590656_0_0_1
OrthoDBi827142at2759
PhylomeDBiA0A0A2KMZ4

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR012951, BBE
IPR016166, FAD-bd_PCMH
IPR036318, FAD-bd_PCMH-like_sf
IPR006094, Oxid_FAD_bind_N
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF08031, BBE, 1 hit
PF01565, FAD_binding_4, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF56176, SSF56176, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51387, FAD_PCMH, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCNSA_PENEN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A0A0A2KMZ4
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 10, 2019
Last sequence update: February 4, 2015
Last modified: April 22, 2020
This is version 30 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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