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Protein

3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase

Gene

HMGCR

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: (R)-mevalonate biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 3 of the subpathway that synthesizes (R)-mevalonate from acetyl-CoA.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in the 3 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. no protein annotated in this organism
  2. Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase, cytoplasmic (HMGCS1), Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase, mitochondrial (HMGCS2), 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A synthase, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A synthase, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A synthase (HMGCS1), 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A synthase, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A synthase
  3. 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR), 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR)
This subpathway is part of the pathway (R)-mevalonate biosynthesis, which is itself part of Metabolic intermediate biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes (R)-mevalonate from acetyl-CoA, the pathway (R)-mevalonate biosynthesis and in Metabolic intermediate biosynthesis.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductaseUniRule annotationSAAS annotation
LigandNADPUniRule annotationSAAS annotation

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00058;UER00103

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductaseUniRule annotation (EC:1.1.1.34UniRule annotation)
Short name:
HMG-CoA reductaseUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:HMGCRImported
ORF Names:hCG_1757337Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

More...
EuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSG00000113161.15

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei20 – 37HelicalUniRule annotationAdd BLAST18
Transmembranei57 – 78HelicalUniRule annotationAdd BLAST22
Transmembranei90 – 113HelicalUniRule annotationAdd BLAST24
Transmembranei157 – 182HelicalUniRule annotationAdd BLAST26
Transmembranei202 – 220HelicalUniRule annotationAdd BLAST19

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Endoplasmic reticulumUniRule annotation, Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000113161 Expressed in 227 organ(s), highest expression level in adrenal tissue

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

GO - Molecular functioni

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
A0A024RAP2

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini61 – 218SSDInterPro annotationAdd BLAST158

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the HMG-CoA reductase family.UniRule annotationSAAS annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helixUniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG2480 Eukaryota
COG1257 LUCA

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00021

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
CASHPWE

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
907394at2759

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00643 HMG-CoA_reductase_classI, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.3270.10, 1 hit
3.30.70.420, 1 hit
3.90.770.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002202 HMG_CoA_Rdtase
IPR023074 HMG_CoA_Rdtase_cat_sf
IPR023076 HMG_CoA_Rdtase_CS
IPR004554 HMG_CoA_Rdtase_eu_arc
IPR004816 HMG_CoA_Rdtase_metazoan
IPR023282 HMG_CoA_Rdtase_N
IPR009023 HMG_CoA_Rdtase_NAD(P)-bd_sf
IPR009029 HMG_CoA_Rdtase_sub-bd_dom_sf
IPR000731 SSD

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10572 PTHR10572, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00368 HMG-CoA_red, 1 hit
PF12349 Sterol-sensing, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00071 HMGCOARDTASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF55035 SSF55035, 1 hit
SSF56542 SSF56542, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00920 2A060605, 1 hit
TIGR00533 HMG_CoA_R_NADP, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00066 HMG_COA_REDUCTASE_1, 1 hit
PS00318 HMG_COA_REDUCTASE_2, 1 hit
PS01192 HMG_COA_REDUCTASE_3, 1 hit
PS50065 HMG_COA_REDUCTASE_4, 1 hit
PS50156 SSD, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

A0A024RAP2-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MLSRLFRMHG LFVASHPWEV IVGTVTLTIC MMSMNMFTGN NKICGWNYEC
60 70 80 90 100
PKFEEDVLSS DIIILTITRC IAILYIYFQF QNLRQLGSKY ILGIAGLFTI
110 120 130 140 150
FSSFVFSTVV IHFLDKELTG LNEALPFFLL LIDLSRASTL AKFALSSNSQ
160 170 180 190 200
DEVRENIARG MAILGPTFTL DALVECLVIG VGTMSGVRQL EIMCCFGCMS
210 220 230 240 250
VLANYFVFMT FFPACVSLVL ELSRESREGR PIWQLSHFAR VLEEEENKPN
260 270 280 290 300
PVTQRVKMIM SLGLVLVHAH SRWIADPSPQ NSTADTSKVS LGLDENVSKR
310 320 330 340 350
IEPSVSLWQF YLSKMISMDI EQVITLSLAL LLAVKYIFFE QTETESTLSL
360 370 380 390 400
KNPITSPVVT QKKVPDNCCR REPMLVRNNQ KCDSVEEETG INRERKVEVI
410 420 430 440 450
KPLVAETDTP NRATFVVGNS SLLDTSSVLV TQEPEIELPR EPRPNEECLQ
460 470 480 490 500
ILGNAEKGAK FLSDAEIIQL VNAKHIPAYK LETLMETHER GVSIRRQLLS
510 520 530 540 550
KKLSEPSSLQ YLPYRDYNYS LVMGACCENV IGYMPIPVGV AGPLCLDEKE
560 570 580 590 600
FQVPMATTEG CLVASTNRGC RAIGLGGGAS SRVLADGMTR GPVVRLPRAC
610 620 630 640 650
DSAEVKAWLE TSEGFAVIKE AFDSTSRFAR LQKLHTSIAG RNLYIRFQSR
660 670 680 690 700
SGDAMGMNMI SKGTEKALSK LHEYFPEMQI LAVSGNYCTD KKPAAINWIE
710 720 730 740 750
GRGKSVVCEA VIPAKVVREV LKTTTEAMIE VNINKNLVGS AMAGSIGGYN
760 770 780 790 800
AHAANIVTAI YIACGQDAAQ NVGSSNCITL MEASGPTNED LYISCTMPSI
810 820 830 840 850
EIGTVGGGTN LLPQQACLQM LGVQGACKDN PGENARQLAR IVCGTVMAGE
860 870 880
LSLMAALAAG HLVKSHMIHN RSKINLQDLQ GACTKKTA
Length:888
Mass (Da):97,476
Last modified:July 9, 2014 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i49B610DCCCFA26B6
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
CH471084 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW95754.1
CH471084 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW95755.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_000850.1, NM_000859.2
XP_011541660.1, XM_011543358.1

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Hs.628096
Hs.643495

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
3156

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hsa:3156

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CH471084 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW95754.1
CH471084 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW95755.1
RefSeqiNP_000850.1, NM_000859.2
XP_011541660.1, XM_011543358.1
UniGeneiHs.628096
Hs.643495

3D structure databases

SMRiA0A024RAP2
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi3156
KEGGihsa:3156

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
3156
EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000113161.15

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2480 Eukaryota
COG1257 LUCA
KOiK00021
OMAiCASHPWE
OrthoDBi907394at2759

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00058;UER00103

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
HMGCR human

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
3156

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000113161 Expressed in 227 organ(s), highest expression level in adrenal tissue

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00643 HMG-CoA_reductase_classI, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.3270.10, 1 hit
3.30.70.420, 1 hit
3.90.770.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002202 HMG_CoA_Rdtase
IPR023074 HMG_CoA_Rdtase_cat_sf
IPR023076 HMG_CoA_Rdtase_CS
IPR004554 HMG_CoA_Rdtase_eu_arc
IPR004816 HMG_CoA_Rdtase_metazoan
IPR023282 HMG_CoA_Rdtase_N
IPR009023 HMG_CoA_Rdtase_NAD(P)-bd_sf
IPR009029 HMG_CoA_Rdtase_sub-bd_dom_sf
IPR000731 SSD
PANTHERiPTHR10572 PTHR10572, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00368 HMG-CoA_red, 1 hit
PF12349 Sterol-sensing, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00071 HMGCOARDTASE
SUPFAMiSSF55035 SSF55035, 1 hit
SSF56542 SSF56542, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00920 2A060605, 1 hit
TIGR00533 HMG_CoA_R_NADP, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00066 HMG_COA_REDUCTASE_1, 1 hit
PS00318 HMG_COA_REDUCTASE_2, 1 hit
PS01192 HMG_COA_REDUCTASE_3, 1 hit
PS50065 HMG_COA_REDUCTASE_4, 1 hit
PS50156 SSD, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiA0A024RAP2_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A0A024RAP2
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: July 9, 2014
Last sequence update: July 9, 2014
Last modified: January 16, 2019
This is version 46 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.
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