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Entry version 52 (10 Feb 2021)
Sequence version 1 (09 Jul 2014)
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Protein

2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase

Gene

HEL-S-17

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mg2+ARBA annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: glycolysis

This protein is involved in step 4 of the subpathway that synthesizes pyruvate from D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.ARBA annotation
Proteins known to be involved in the 5 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (HEL-S-278), Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (HEL-S-162eP), Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, testis-specific (GAPDHS), Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH)
  2. Phosphoglycerate kinase, Phosphoglycerate kinase 2 (PGK2), Phosphoglycerate kinase, Phosphoglycerate kinase, Phosphoglycerate kinase (HEL-S-68p), Phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1), Phosphoglycerate kinase (HEL-S-272), Phosphoglycerate kinase, Phosphoglycerate kinase, Phosphoglycerate kinase
  3. no protein annotated in this organism
  4. Beta-enolase (ENO3), Alpha-enolase (ENO1), 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase, 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase, 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (ENO4), 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (HEL-S-17), 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (ENO4), 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (ENO3), 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (ENO1), 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (ENO2), 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (ENO3), 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (ENO1), 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (ENO2), Enolase 4 (ENO4), 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (ENO1), 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (ENO3), 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (ENO1), 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase, 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase, 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase, 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (ENO2), 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (EDARADD), 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (ENO3), 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (ENO2), Gamma-enolase (ENO2)
  5. Pyruvate kinase, Pyruvate kinase, Pyruvate kinase PKLR (PKLR), Pyruvate kinase, Pyruvate kinase PKM (PKM), Pyruvate kinase (PKM2), Pyruvate kinase (PKLR), Pyruvate kinase (PKM), Pyruvate kinase (PKM2), Pyruvate kinase (PKM), Pyruvate kinase (HEL-S-30), Pyruvate kinase (PKM), Pyruvate kinase (PKM), Pyruvate kinase (PKM), Pyruvate kinase (PKM), Pyruvate kinase (PKM2), Pyruvate kinase (PKM), Pyruvate kinase (PKLR), Pyruvate kinase (PKM2), Pyruvate kinase (PKLR), Pyruvate kinase, Pyruvate kinase (PKM)
This subpathway is part of the pathway glycolysis, which is itself part of Carbohydrate degradation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes pyruvate from D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, the pathway glycolysis and in Carbohydrate degradation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei158SubstrateUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei167SubstrateUniRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei210Proton donorUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei293SubstrateUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei318SubstrateUniRule annotation1
Active sitei343Proton acceptorUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei394SubstrateUniRule annotation1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyaseARBA annotation
Biological processGlycolysisARBA annotation
LigandMagnesiumARBA annotation

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00109;UER00187

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyaseARBA annotation (EC:4.2.1.11ARBA annotation)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:HEL-S-17Imported
Synonyms:ENO1Imported
ORF Names:hCG_22399Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen, Vector and Host Database Resources

More...
VEuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSG00000074800.13

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000074800, Expressed in cortex of kidney and 243 other tissues

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
A0A024R4F1, baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Chemistry databases

BindingDB database of measured binding affinities

More...
BindingDBi
A0A024R4F1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
A0A024R4F1

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini3 – 134Enolase_NInterPro annotationAdd BLAST132
Domaini142 – 431Enolase_CInterPro annotationAdd BLAST290

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni370 – 373Substrate bindingUniRule annotation4

Coiled coil

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section denotes the positions of regions of coiled coil within the protein.<p><a href='/help/coiled' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Coiled coili83 – 103Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the enolase family.ARBA annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Coiled coilSequence analysis

Phylogenomic databases

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_031223_0_0_1

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
GPELVGY

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
773373at2759

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd03313, enolase, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.20.20.120, 1 hit
3.30.390.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00318, Enolase, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR000941, Enolase
IPR036849, Enolase-like_C_sf
IPR029017, Enolase-like_N
IPR020810, Enolase_C
IPR020809, Enolase_CS
IPR020811, Enolase_N

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11902, PTHR11902, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00113, Enolase_C, 1 hit
PF03952, Enolase_N, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF001400, Enolase, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00148, ENOLASE

Structure-Function Linkage Database

More...
SFLDi
SFLDG00178, enolase, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM01192, Enolase_C, 1 hit
SM01193, Enolase_N, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51604, SSF51604, 1 hit
SSF54826, SSF54826, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01060, eno, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00164, ENOLASE, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

A0A024R4F1-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSILKIHARE IFDSRGNPTV EVDLFTSKGL FRAAVPSGAS TGIYEALELR
60 70 80 90 100
DNDKTRYMGK GVSKAVEHIN KTIAPALVSK KLNVTEQEKI DKLMIEMDGT
110 120 130 140 150
ENKSKFGANA ILGVSLAVCK AGAVEKGVPL YRHIADLAGN SEVILPVPAF
160 170 180 190 200
NVINGGSHAG NKLAMQEFMI LPVGAANFRE AMRIGAEVYH NLKNVIKEKY
210 220 230 240 250
GKDATNVGDE GGFAPNILEN KEGLELLKTA IGKAGYTDKV VIGMDVAASE
260 270 280 290 300
FFRSGKYDLD FKSPDDPSRY ISPDQLADLY KSFIKDYPVV SIEDPFDQDD
310 320 330 340 350
WGAWQKFTAS AGIQVVGDDL TVTNPKRIAK AVNEKSCNCL LLKVNQIGSV
360 370 380 390 400
TESLQACKLA QANGWGVMVS HRSGETEDTF IADLVVGLCT GQIKTGAPCR
410 420 430
SERLAKYNQL LRIEEELGSK AKFAGRNFRN PLAK
Length:434
Mass (Da):47,169
Last modified:July 9, 2014 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA0ED663FCC15ADA5
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
GQ472226 mRNA Translation: ACV87201.1
CH471130 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW71605.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001419.1, NM_001428.3

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
2023

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hsa:2023

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
GQ472226 mRNA Translation: ACV87201.1
CH471130 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW71605.1
RefSeqiNP_001419.1, NM_001428.3

3D structure databases

SMRiA0A024R4F1
ModBaseiSearch...

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiA0A024R4F1

Protocols and materials databases

Antibodypedia a portal for validated antibodies

More...
Antibodypediai
4351, 811 antibodies

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi2023
KEGGihsa:2023

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
2023
VEuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000074800.13

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiCLU_031223_0_0_1
OMAiGPELVGY
OrthoDBi773373at2759

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00109;UER00187

Miscellaneous databases

BioGRID ORCS database of CRISPR phenotype screens

More...
BioGRID-ORCSi
2023, 378 hits in 890 CRISPR screens

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
ENO1, human

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
2023

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000074800, Expressed in cortex of kidney and 243 other tissues
ExpressionAtlasiA0A024R4F1, baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

CDDicd03313, enolase, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.20.20.120, 1 hit
3.30.390.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00318, Enolase, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000941, Enolase
IPR036849, Enolase-like_C_sf
IPR029017, Enolase-like_N
IPR020810, Enolase_C
IPR020809, Enolase_CS
IPR020811, Enolase_N
PANTHERiPTHR11902, PTHR11902, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00113, Enolase_C, 1 hit
PF03952, Enolase_N, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF001400, Enolase, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00148, ENOLASE
SFLDiSFLDG00178, enolase, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01192, Enolase_C, 1 hit
SM01193, Enolase_N, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51604, SSF51604, 1 hit
SSF54826, SSF54826, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01060, eno, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00164, ENOLASE, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiA0A024R4F1_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A0A024R4F1
Secondary accession number(s): A0A0K0K1K8
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: July 9, 2014
Last sequence update: July 9, 2014
Last modified: February 10, 2021
This is version 52 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.
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