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Entry version 52 (07 Oct 2020)
Sequence version 1 (09 Jul 2014)
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Protein

Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase

Gene

PARP1

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein predictedi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Poly-ADP-ribosyltransferase that mediates poly-ADP-ribosylation of proteins and plays a key role in DNA repair.UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

  • NAD(+) + (ADP-D-ribosyl)(n)-acceptor = nicotinamide + (ADP-D-ribosyl)(n+1)-acceptor.UniRule annotationARBA annotation EC:2.4.2.30

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDNA-bindingUniRule annotationARBA annotation, GlycosyltransferaseUniRule annotationARBA annotation, Transferase
Biological processDNA damage, DNA repairARBA annotation
LigandMetal-binding, NADUniRule annotationARBA annotation, Zinc

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Poly [ADP-ribose] polymeraseUniRule annotation (EC:2.4.2.30UniRule annotation)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:PARP1Imported
ORF Names:hCG_14746Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

More...
EuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSG00000143799.12

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

ChromosomeUniRule annotation, NucleusUniRule annotationARBA annotation

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Keywords - PTMi

ADP-ribosylationARBA annotation

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000143799, Expressed in ventricular zone and 246 other tissues

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
A0A024R3T8, baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

GO - Molecular functioni

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
A0A024R3T8

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini9 – 93PARP-typeInterPro annotationAdd BLAST85
Domaini113 – 203PARP-typeInterPro annotationAdd BLAST91
Domaini385 – 461BRCTInterPro annotationAdd BLAST77
Domaini662 – 779PARP alpha-helicalInterPro annotationAdd BLAST118
Domaini788 – 1014PARP catalyticInterPro annotationAdd BLAST227

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni198 – 233DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST36
Regioni361 – 385DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST25

Coiled coil

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section denotes the positions of regions of coiled coil within the protein.<p><a href='/help/coiled' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Coiled coili429 – 456Sequence analysisAdd BLAST28

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi366 – 385PolarSequence analysisAdd BLAST20

Keywords - Domaini

Coiled coilSequence analysis, RepeatARBA annotation, Zinc-fingerARBA annotation

Phylogenomic databases

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_004841_0_0_1

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K24070

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
AISDKCT

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
909382at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
A0A024R3T8

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.20.142.10, 1 hit
2.20.140.10, 1 hit
2.20.25.630, 1 hit
3.30.1740.10, 2 hits
3.40.50.10190, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001357, BRCT_dom
IPR036420, BRCT_dom_sf
IPR012982, PADR1
IPR038650, PADR1_dom_sf
IPR008288, PARP
IPR012317, Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_cat_dom
IPR004102, Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_reg_dom
IPR036616, Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_reg_dom_sf
IPR036930, WGR_dom_sf
IPR008893, WGR_domain
IPR001510, Znf_PARP
IPR036957, Znf_PARP_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00533, BRCT, 1 hit
PF08063, PADR1, 1 hit
PF00644, PARP, 1 hit
PF02877, PARP_reg, 1 hit
PF05406, WGR, 1 hit
PF00645, zf-PARP, 2 hits

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000489, NAD_ADPRT, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00292, BRCT, 1 hit
SM01335, PADR1, 1 hit
SM00773, WGR, 1 hit
SM01336, zf-PARP, 2 hits

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF142921, SSF142921, 1 hit
SSF47587, SSF47587, 1 hit
SSF52113, SSF52113, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50172, BRCT, 1 hit
PS51060, PARP_ALPHA_HD, 1 hit
PS51059, PARP_CATALYTIC, 1 hit
PS00347, PARP_ZN_FINGER_1, 1 hit
PS50064, PARP_ZN_FINGER_2, 2 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

A0A024R3T8-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAESSDKLYR VEYAKSGRAS CKKCSESIPK DSLRMAIMVQ SPMFDGKVPH
60 70 80 90 100
WYHFSCFWKV GHSIRHPDVE VDGFSELRWD DQQKVKKTAE AGGVTGKGQD
110 120 130 140 150
GIGSKAEKTL GDFAAEYAKS NRSTCKGCME KIEKGQVRLS KKMVDPEKPQ
160 170 180 190 200
LGMIDRWYHP GCFVKNREEL GFRPEYSASQ LKGFSLLATE DKEALKKQLP
210 220 230 240 250
GVKSEGKRKG DEVDGVDEVA KKKSKKEKDK DSKLEKALKA QNDLIWNIKD
260 270 280 290 300
ELKKVCSTND LKELLIFNKQ QVPSGESAIL DRVADGMVFG ALLPCEECSG
310 320 330 340 350
QLVFKSDAYY CTGDVTAWTK CMVKTQTPNR KEWVTPKEFR EISYLKKLKV
360 370 380 390 400
KKQDRIFPPE TSASVAATPP PSTASAPAAV NSSASADKPL SNMKILTLGK
410 420 430 440 450
LSRNKDEVKA MIEKLGGKLT GTANKASLCI STKKEVEKMN KKMEEVKEAN
460 470 480 490 500
IRVVSEDFLQ DVSASTKSLQ ELFLAHILSP WGAEVKAEPV EVVAPRGKSG
510 520 530 540 550
AALSKKSKGQ VKEEGINKSE KRMKLTLKGG AAVDPDSGLE HSAHVLEKGG
560 570 580 590 600
KVFSATLGLV DIVKGTNSYY KLQLLEDDKE NRYWIFRSWG RVGTVIGSNK
610 620 630 640 650
LEQMPSKEDA IEHFMKLYEE KTGNAWHSKN FTKYPKKFYP LEIDYGQDEE
660 670 680 690 700
AVKKLTVNPG TKSKLPKPVQ DLIKMIFDVE SMKKAMVEYE IDLQKMPLGK
710 720 730 740 750
LSKRQIQAAY SILSEVQQAV SQGSSDSQIL DLSNRFYTLI PHDFGMKKPP
760 770 780 790 800
LLNNADSVQA KVEMLDNLLD IEVAYSLLRG GSDDSSKDPI DVNYEKLKTD
810 820 830 840 850
IKVVDRDSEE AEIIRKYVKN THATTHNAYD LEVIDIFKIE REGECQRYKP
860 870 880 890 900
FKQLHNRRLL WHGSRTTNFA GILSQGLRIA PPEAPVTGYM FGKGIYFADM
910 920 930 940 950
VSKSANYCHT SQGDPIGLIL LGEVALGNMY ELKHASHISK LPKGKHSVKG
960 970 980 990 1000
LGKTTPDPSA NISLDGVDVP LGTGISSGVN DTSLLYNEYI VYDIAQVNLK
1010
YLLKLKFNFK TSLW
Length:1,014
Mass (Da):113,084
Last modified:July 9, 2014 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i6A5FC01EB91C046B
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
CH471098 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW69784.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001609.2, NM_001618.3

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
142

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hsa:142

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CH471098 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW69784.1
RefSeqiNP_001609.2, NM_001618.3

3D structure databases

SMRiA0A024R3T8
ModBaseiSearch...

Protocols and materials databases

Antibodypedia a portal for validated antibodies

More...
Antibodypediai
3545, 1827 antibodies

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi142
KEGGihsa:142

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
142
EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000143799.12

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiCLU_004841_0_0_1
KOiK24070
OMAiAISDKCT
OrthoDBi909382at2759
PhylomeDBiA0A024R3T8

Miscellaneous databases

BioGRID ORCS database of CRISPR phenotype screens

More...
BioGRID-ORCSi
142, 10 hits in 876 CRISPR screens

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
PARP1, human

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
142

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000143799, Expressed in ventricular zone and 246 other tissues
ExpressionAtlasiA0A024R3T8, baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.20.142.10, 1 hit
2.20.140.10, 1 hit
2.20.25.630, 1 hit
3.30.1740.10, 2 hits
3.40.50.10190, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001357, BRCT_dom
IPR036420, BRCT_dom_sf
IPR012982, PADR1
IPR038650, PADR1_dom_sf
IPR008288, PARP
IPR012317, Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_cat_dom
IPR004102, Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_reg_dom
IPR036616, Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_reg_dom_sf
IPR036930, WGR_dom_sf
IPR008893, WGR_domain
IPR001510, Znf_PARP
IPR036957, Znf_PARP_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00533, BRCT, 1 hit
PF08063, PADR1, 1 hit
PF00644, PARP, 1 hit
PF02877, PARP_reg, 1 hit
PF05406, WGR, 1 hit
PF00645, zf-PARP, 2 hits
PIRSFiPIRSF000489, NAD_ADPRT, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00292, BRCT, 1 hit
SM01335, PADR1, 1 hit
SM00773, WGR, 1 hit
SM01336, zf-PARP, 2 hits
SUPFAMiSSF142921, SSF142921, 1 hit
SSF47587, SSF47587, 1 hit
SSF52113, SSF52113, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50172, BRCT, 1 hit
PS51060, PARP_ALPHA_HD, 1 hit
PS51059, PARP_CATALYTIC, 1 hit
PS00347, PARP_ZN_FINGER_1, 1 hit
PS50064, PARP_ZN_FINGER_2, 2 hits

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiA0A024R3T8_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A0A024R3T8
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: July 9, 2014
Last sequence update: July 9, 2014
Last modified: October 7, 2020
This is version 52 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.
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