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Entry version 42 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (09 Jul 2014)
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Protein

ATP-citrate synthase

Gene

ACLY

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

ATP-citrate synthase is the primary enzyme responsible for the synthesis of cytosolic acetyl-CoA in many tissues.UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei750Tele-phosphohistidine intermediateUniRule annotation1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyaseImported, TransferaseUniRule annotation
Biological processLipid biosynthesisUniRule annotation, Lipid metabolism
LigandATP-bindingUniRule annotation, MagnesiumUniRule annotation, Metal-bindingUniRule annotation, Nucleotide-binding

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
ATP-citrate synthaseUniRule annotation (EC:2.3.3.8UniRule annotation)
Alternative name(s):
ATP-citrate (pro-S-)-lyaseUniRule annotation
Citrate cleavage enzymeUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ACLYImported
ORF Names:hCG_19718Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

CytoplasmUniRule annotation

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000131473 Expressed in 236 organ(s), highest expression level in liver

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.UniRule annotation

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini482 – 591CoA_bindingInterPro annotationAdd BLAST110

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

In the C-terminal section; belongs to the succinate/malate CoA ligase alpha subunit family.UniRule annotation
In the N-terminal section; belongs to the succinate/malate CoA ligase beta subunit family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1254 Eukaryota
COG0045 LUCA
COG0074 LUCA
COG0372 LUCA

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
349367at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.230.10, 1 hit
3.40.50.261, 2 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR014608 ATP-citrate_synthase
IPR017440 Cit_synth/succinyl-CoA_lig_AS
IPR032263 Citrate-bd
IPR016143 Citrate_synth-like_sm_a-sub
IPR002020 Citrate_synthase
IPR036969 Citrate_synthase_sf
IPR033847 Citrt_syn/SCS-alpha_CS
IPR003781 CoA-bd
IPR005811 CoA_ligase
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
IPR017866 Succ-CoA_synthase_bsu_CS
IPR016102 Succinyl-CoA_synth-like

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF16114 Citrate_bind, 1 hit
PF00285 Citrate_synt, 1 hit
PF02629 CoA_binding, 1 hit
PF00549 Ligase_CoA, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF036511 ATP_citrt_syn, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00881 CoA_binding, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48256 SSF48256, 1 hit
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF52210 SSF52210, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS01216 SUCCINYL_COA_LIG_1, 1 hit
PS00399 SUCCINYL_COA_LIG_2, 1 hit
PS01217 SUCCINYL_COA_LIG_3, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

A0A024R1Y2-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSAKAISEQT GKELLYKFIC TTSAIQNRFK YARVTPDTDW ARLLQDHPWL
60 70 80 90 100
LSQNLVVKPD QLIKRRGKLG LVGVNLTLDG VKSWLKPRLG QEATVGKATG
110 120 130 140 150
FLKNFLIEPF VPHSQAEEFY VCIYATREGD YVLFHHEGGV DVGDVDAKAQ
160 170 180 190 200
KLLVGVDEKL NPEDIKKHLL VHAPEDKKEI LASFISGLFN FYEDLYFTYL
210 220 230 240 250
EINPLVVTKD GVYVLDLAAK VDATADYICK VKWGDIEFPP PFGREAYPEE
260 270 280 290 300
AYIADLDAKS GASLKLTLLN PKGRIWTMVA GGGASVVYSD TICDLGGVNE
310 320 330 340 350
LANYGEYSGA PSEQQTYDYA KTILSLMTRE KHPDGKILII GGSIANFTNV
360 370 380 390 400
AATFKGIVRA IRDYQGPLKE HEVTIFVRRG GPNYQEGLRV MGEVGKTTGI
410 420 430 440 450
PIHVFGTETH MTAIVGMALG HRPIPNQPPT AAHTANFLLN ASGSTSTPAP
460 470 480 490 500
SRTASFSESR ADEVAPAKKA KPAMPQGKST TLFSRHTKAI VWGMQTRAVQ
510 520 530 540 550
GMLDFDYVCS RDEPSVAAMV YPFTGDHKQK FYWGHKEILI PVFKNMADAM
560 570 580 590 600
RKHPEVDVLI NFASLRSAYD STMETMNYAQ IRTIAIIAEG IPEALTRKLI
610 620 630 640 650
KKADQKGVTI IGPATVGGIK PGCFKIGNTG GMLDNILASK LYRPGSVAYV
660 670 680 690 700
SRSGGMSNEL NNIISRTTDG VYEGVAIGGD RYPGSTFMDH VLRYQDTPGV
710 720 730 740 750
KMIVVLGEIG GTEEYKICRG IKEGRLTKPI VCWCIGTCAT MFSSEVQFGH
760 770 780 790 800
AGACANQASE TAVAKNQALK EAGVFVPRSF DELGEIIQSV YEDLVANGVI
810 820 830 840 850
VPAQEVPPPT VPMDYSWARE LGLIRKPASF MTSICDERGQ ELIYAGMPIT
860 870 880 890 900
EVFKEEMGIG GVLGLLWFQK RLPKYSCQFI EMCLMVTADH GPAVSGAHNT
910 920 930 940 950
IICARAGKDL VSSLTSGLLT IGDRFGGALD AAAKMFSKAF DSGIIPMEFV
960 970 980 990 1000
NKMKKEGKLI MGIGHRVKSI NNPDMRVQIL KDYVRQHFPA TPLLDYALEV
1010 1020 1030 1040 1050
EKITTSKKPN LILNVDGLIG VAFVDMLRNC GSFTREEADE YIDIGALNGI
1060 1070 1080 1090
FVLGRSMGFI GHYLDQKRLK QGLYRHPWDD ISYVLPEHMS M
Length:1,091
Mass (Da):119,772
Last modified:July 9, 2014 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i04EB8D05059409E5
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
CH471152 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW60777.1
CH471152 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW60778.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_942127.1, NM_198830.1
XP_016880177.1, XM_017024688.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
47

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CH471152 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW60777.1
CH471152 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW60778.1
RefSeqiNP_942127.1, NM_198830.1
XP_016880177.1, XM_017024688.1

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi47

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
47

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1254 Eukaryota
COG0045 LUCA
COG0074 LUCA
COG0372 LUCA
OrthoDBi349367at2759

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
ACLY human

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
47

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000131473 Expressed in 236 organ(s), highest expression level in liver

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.230.10, 1 hit
3.40.50.261, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR014608 ATP-citrate_synthase
IPR017440 Cit_synth/succinyl-CoA_lig_AS
IPR032263 Citrate-bd
IPR016143 Citrate_synth-like_sm_a-sub
IPR002020 Citrate_synthase
IPR036969 Citrate_synthase_sf
IPR033847 Citrt_syn/SCS-alpha_CS
IPR003781 CoA-bd
IPR005811 CoA_ligase
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
IPR017866 Succ-CoA_synthase_bsu_CS
IPR016102 Succinyl-CoA_synth-like
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF16114 Citrate_bind, 1 hit
PF00285 Citrate_synt, 1 hit
PF02629 CoA_binding, 1 hit
PF00549 Ligase_CoA, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF036511 ATP_citrt_syn, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00881 CoA_binding, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF48256 SSF48256, 1 hit
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF52210 SSF52210, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS01216 SUCCINYL_COA_LIG_1, 1 hit
PS00399 SUCCINYL_COA_LIG_2, 1 hit
PS01217 SUCCINYL_COA_LIG_3, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiA0A024R1Y2_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A0A024R1Y2
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: July 9, 2014
Last sequence update: July 9, 2014
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 42 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.
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