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Overview

StatusReference proteome
Proteinsi48,919
Gene counti - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDiUP000059680
Taxonomy39947 - Oryza sativa subsp. japonica
Straincv. Nipponbare
Last modifiedFebruary 27, 2018
Genome assembly and annotationi GCA_001433935.1 from ENA/EMBL

Oryza sativa (rice) is a monocotyledonous flowering plant of the family Poaceae and is one of the most important crop plants in the world, providing the principal food source for half of the world's population.

Oryza sativa subsp. japonica is one of three major subspecies of rice, the others being indica and javanica. Oryza sativa subsp. japonica is short-grained and high in amylopectin so that the grains stick together when cooked, which distinguishes it from subsp. indica which is long grained and not sticky.

Oryza sativa subsp. japonica is grown in dry fields, mainly in temperate or colder climates such as Japan.

Oryza sativa has a haploid chromosome number of 12, containing 370 Mb with 30,000 protein-coding genes. Rice was an obvious choice for the first whole genome sequencing of a cereal crop. It is the smallest of the major cereal crop genomes and is the easiest to transform genetically. The cultivar sequenced from the japonica subspecies was Nipponbare (www.thericejournal.com/content/6/1/4/abstract).

Componentsi

Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Proteins
Chromosome 16661
Chromosome 25339
Chromosome 35748
Chromosome 44384
Chromosome 53907
Chromosome 63989
Chromosome 73749
Chromosome 83409
Chromosome 92795
Chromosome 102725
Chromosome 113188
Chromosome 122897
Mitochondrion60
Chloroplast83

Publications

  1. "The map-based sequence of the rice genome."
    Nature 2005:793-800(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  2. "The complete sequence of the rice (Oryza sativa L.) mitochondrial genome: frequent DNA sequence acquisition and loss during the evolution of flowering plants."
    Notsu Y., Masood S., Nishikawa T., Kubo N., Akiduki G., Nakazono M., Hirai A., Kadowaki K.
    Mol. Genet. Genomics 2002:434-445(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
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