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Overview

Proteinsi <p>Number of protein entries associated with this proteome: UniProtKB entries for regular proteomes or UniParc entries for redundant proteomes (<a href="/help/proteome_redundancy">more...</a>)</p> 4,605
Gene counti <p>This is the total number of unique genes found in the proteome set, algorithmically computed. For each gene, a single representative protein sequence is chosen from the proteome. Where possible, reviewed (Swiss-Prot) protein sequences are chosen as the representatives.</p> - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDi <p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a>. It consists of the characters ‘UP’ followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.<p><a href='/help/proteome_id' target='_top'>More...</a></p>UP000009182
Taxonomy362663 - Escherichia coli O6:K15:H31 (strain 536 / UPEC)
Strain536 / UPEC
Last modifiedSeptember 29, 2019
Genome assembly and annotationi <p>Identifier for the genome assembly (<a href="https://www.ensembl.org/Help/Faq?id=216">more...</a>)</p> GCA_000013305.1 from ENA/EMBL
Pan proteomei <p>A pan proteome is the full set of proteins thought to be expressed by a group of highly related organisms (e.g. multiple strains of the same bacterial species).<p><a href='/help/pan_proteomes' target='_top'>More...</a></p> This proteome is part of the Escherichia coli (strain K12) pan proteome (fasta)

Escherichia coli is a Gram-negative straight rod, which either uses peritrichous flagella for mobility or is nonmotile. It is a facultatively anaerobic chemoorganotroph capable of both respiratory and fermentative metabolism. E.coli serves a useful function in the body by suppressing the growth of harmful bacterial species and by synthesising appreciable amounts of vitamins. It is an important component of the biosphere. It colonizes the lower gut of animals and survives when released to the natural environment, allowing widespread dissemination to new hosts. Pathogenic E.coli strains are responsible for infection of the enteric, urinary, pulmonary and nervous systems. Comparison of 20 E.coli/Shigella strains shows the core genome to be about 2000 genes while the pan-genome has over 18,000 genes. There are multiple, striking integration hotspots that are conserved across the genomes, corresponding to regions of abundant and parallel insertions and deletions of genetic material.

The uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) strain 536 was originally isolated from a patient with acute pyelonephritis. Strain 536 (O6:K15:H31) is one of the model organisms of extraintestinal E. coli. The genome consists of a circular chromosome of 4.9 Mbp, and harbors 5 well characterized pathogenicity islands and a newly identified sixth island, encoding the key virulence factors of this strain. Excision of 4 of the 6 islands was observed. It belongs to phylogroup B2.

Componentsi <p>Genomic components encoding the proteome</p>

Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Proteins
Chromosome4605

Publications

  1. "Role of pathogenicity island-associated integrases in the genome plasticity of uropathogenic Escherichia coli strain 536."
    Hochhut B., Wilde C., Balling G., Middendorf B., Dobrindt U., Brzuszkiewicz E., Gottschalk G., Carniel E., Hacker J.
    Mol. Microbiol. 2006:584-595(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
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