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Overview

StatusReference proteome
Proteinsi <p>Number of protein entries associated with this proteome: UniProtKB entries for regular proteomes or UniParc entries for redundant proteomes (<a href="/help/proteome%5Fredundancy">more...</a>)</p> 2,752
Gene counti <p>This is the total number of unique genes found in the proteome set, algorithmically computed. For each gene, a single representative protein sequence is chosen from the proteome. Where possible, reviewed (Swiss-Prot) protein sequences are chosen as the representatives.</p> - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDi <p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a>. It consists of the characters 'UP' followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.<p><a href='/help/proteome_id' target='_top'>More...</a></p>UP000008871
Taxonomy393595 - Alcanivorax borkumensis (strain ATCC 700651 / DSM 11573 / NCIMB 13689 / SK2)
StrainATCC 700651 / DSM 11573 / NCIMB 13689 / SK2
Last modifiedJanuary 15, 2020
Genome assembly and annotationi <p>Identifier for the genome assembly (<a href="https://www.ensembl.org/Help/Faq?id=216">more...</a>)</p> GCA_000009365.1 from ENA/EMBL full
Pan proteomei <p>A pan proteome is the full set of proteins thought to be expressed by a group of highly related organisms (e.g. multiple strains of the same bacterial species).<p><a href='/help/pan_proteomes' target='_top'>More...</a></p> This proteome is part of the Alcanivorax borkumensis (strain ATCC 700651 / DSM 11573 / NCIMB 13689 / SK2) pan proteome (fasta)
BuscoC:98.9%[S:98.7%,D:0.2%],F:0.4%,M:0.7%,n:452
CompletenessStandard

The gammaproteobacterium Alcanivorax borkumensis is a cosmopolitan marine bacterium isolated from a seawater sediment sample in the North Sea that uses oil hydrocarbons as its exclusive source of carbon and energy. Although barely detectable in unpolluted environments, A. borkumensis becomes the dominant microbe in oil-polluted waters. This unusual rod-shaped slow-growing marine hydrocarbonoclastic bacterium is able to grow on a highly restricted spectrum of substrates, predominantly alkanes-2. Using n-alkanes as a sole carbon source causes the strains to produce extracellular and membrane-bound surface-active glucose lipids. These biosurfactants (anionic glucolipids) reduce the surface tension of water, acting as a natural emulsifier, and facilitate emulsification of alkanes, enhances their bioavailability and increases the degradation rate of these hydrophobic organic substrates. Phenotypic analysis showed a restricted nutritional profile, high halotolerance, the absence of fermentative metabolism and a low G+C content. A. borkumensis has a streamlined genome with a paucity of mobile genetic elements and energy generation-related genes, but with a plethora of genes accounting for its wide hydrocarbon substrate range and efficient oil-degradation capabilities. The genome further specifies systems for scavenging of nutrients, particularly organic and inorganic nitrogen and oligo-elements, biofilm formation at the oil-water interface, biosurfactant production and niche-specific stress responses. The unique combination of these features provides A. borkumensis with a competitive edge in oil-polluted environments. This genome sequence provides the basis for the future design of strategies to mitigate the ecological damage caused by oil spills.

Componentsi <p>Genomic components encoding the proteome</p>

Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Component representationProteins
Chromosome2752
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Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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