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Proteome IDiUP000008814
Taxonomy570417 - Wolbachia pipientis subsp. Culex pipiens (strain wPip)
Last modifiedFebruary 27, 2018
Genome assembly and annotationi GCA_000073005.1 from ENA/EMBL
Pan proteomei This proteome is part of the Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila simulans wNo pan proteome (fasta)

Wolbachia pipientis, a very widespread invertebrate endosymbiont, has been divided into a number of supergroups: A and B in arthropods, C and D in filarial nematodes, plus at least 3 other, less common supergroups primarily found in arthropods. In insects, where more than 20% of all species have been estimated to carry Wolbachia, and in other arthropods Wolbachia manipulates host reproduction in a remarkable variety of ways, including feminization, parthenogenesis, male killing and cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI). All are selected due to the uniparental inheritance of Wolbachia as it is solely transmitted through the eggs and not from males. CI, patterns of sterility classically seen when infected males mate with uninfected females, can allow Wolbachia to spread rapidly to very high frequencies in populations, since females that do carry the bacterium can mate successfully with both infected and uninfected males.

Wolbachia pipientis was first discovered and described in Culex pipiens mosquitoes; it is the only strain reported from this group of sibling species of mosquito and is found at close to 100% frequency in all populations examined, except for one in South Africa. The Cx. pipiens group includes Cx. quinquefasciatus, the primary vector of lymphatic filariasis. To date complete genome sequences have been published of the wMel strain, a supergroup A Wolbachia found in Drosophila melanogaster (WOLPM), and the supergroup D wBm strain, a mutualist of the nematode Brugia malayi (WOLTR) (modified from PubMed 18550617).


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