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StatusReference proteome
Gene counti - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDiUP000008672
Taxonomy7897 - Latimeria chalumnae
StrainWild caught
Last modifiedMarch 13, 2018
Genome assembly and annotationi GCA_000225785.1 from Ensembl

The West Indian Ocean coelacanth, also known as the African coelacanth, is a critically endangered fish species belonging to the family Latimeriidae. It was named in honor of Marjorie Courtenay-Latimer, the curator at the East London Museum, where it was displayed for the first time in 1938. Before that the species was considered to be extinct, and therefore now it is commonly called a living fossil. Due to its closer phylogenetic relationship to lungfish and reptiles than to ray-finned fish, this animal is an invaluable model organism for evolutionary studies investigating the radiation of tetrapods.

The coelacanth genome has 24 pairs of chromosomes containing 2.9 Gb with 20,000 protein-coding genes. The reference proteome is derived from the genome sequence published in 2013.


Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Unassembled WGS sequence23429


  1. "The draft genome of Latimeria chalumnae."
    Di Palma F., Alfoldi J., Johnson J., Berlin A., Gnerre S., Jaffe D., MacCallum I., Young S., Walker B.J., Lander E., Lindblad-Toh K.
    Submitted (AUG-2011) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
  2. "The complete DNA sequence of the mitochondrial genome of a 'living fossil,' the coelacanth (Latimeria chalumnae)."
    Zardoya R., Meyer A.
    Genetics 1997:995-1010(1997) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
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