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StatusReference proteome
Proteinsi <p>Number of protein entries associated with this proteome: UniProtKB entries for regular proteomes or UniParc entries for redundant proteomes (<a href="/help/proteome%5Fredundancy">more...</a>)</p> 13,516
Gene counti <p>This is the total number of unique genes found in the proteome set, algorithmically computed. For each gene, a single representative protein sequence is chosen from the proteome. Where possible, reviewed (Swiss-Prot) protein sequences are chosen as the representatives.</p> - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDi <p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the <a href="">proteome</a>. It consists of the characters 'UP' followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.<p><a href='/help/proteome_id' target='_top'>More...</a></p>UP000007062
Taxonomy7165 - Anopheles gambiae
Last modifiedMarch 21, 2020
Genome assembly and annotationi <p>Identifier for the genome assembly (<a href="">more...</a>)</p> GCA_000005575.1 from ENA/EMBL full

Anopheles gambiae is the primary mosquito vector responsible for the transmission of malaria (Plasmodium falciparum) in most of sub-Saharan Africa; and is also considered to be one of the most efficient vectors of malaria. It feeds almost exclusively on humans, late at night, indoors as well as outdoors. Anopholes gambiae can show more opportunistic feeding behaviors depending on location, host availability and the genetic make-up of the mosquito population. The larvae develop in temporary bodies of fresh water and the adults rest primarily indoors, but resting outdoors has also been observed.

The Anopheles gambiae complete genome sequence of the strain PEST was published in 2002. It contains about 280 Mb, and approximately 12,800 protein-coding genes. The high degree of genetic variation observed in the strain PEST is probably the result of recombination among the different cytotypes that contributed to the PEST strain, resulting in a mosaic genome.

Componentsi <p>Genomic components encoding the proteome</p>

Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Component representationProteins
Chromosome 2L3194
Chromosome 2R4112
Chromosome 3L2034
Chromosome 3R2548
Chromosome X1179
Unassembled WGS sequence676


  1. "The mitochondrial genome of the mosquito Anopheles gambiae: DNA sequence, genome organization, and comparisons with mitochondrial sequences of other insects."
    Beard C.B., Hamm D.M., Collins F.H.
    Insect Mol. Biol. 2:103-124(1993) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  2. "The genome sequence of the malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae."
    Holt R.A., Subramanian G.M., Halpern A., Sutton G.G., Charlab R., Nusskern D.R., Wincker P., Clark A.G., Ribeiro J.M.C., Wides R., Salzberg S.L., Loftus B.J., Yandell M.D., Majoros W.H., Rusch D.B., Lai Z., Kraft C.L., Abril J.F.
    Hoffman S.L.
    Science 298:129-149(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
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