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StatusReference proteome
Gene counti <p>This is the total number of unique genes found in the proteome set, algorithmically computed. For each gene, a single representative protein sequence is chosen from the proteome. Where possible, reviewed (Swiss-Prot) protein sequences are chosen as the representatives.</p> - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDi <p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the <a href="">proteome</a>. It consists of the characters ‘UP’ followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.<p><a href='/help/proteome_id' target='_top'>More...</a></p>UP000006906
Last modifiedOctober 26, 2018
Genome assembly and annotationi GCA_000002595.3 from ENA/EMBL

Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is a single-celled green alga found in freshwater and soil throughout the world. It has been widely studied because of its adaptability to different environments and short generation time.

Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has the ability to use alternative carbon sources in the absence of light and has been the experimental material of choice for major studies in photosynthesis. It is also used as a model system for studying the structure and function of eukaryotic flagellae (cilia).

Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is haploid, and has a nuclear genome comprising 17 chromosomes with a total size of 110 Mb, a 203 kb chloroplast genome and a 16 kb mitochondrial genome, with 14,000 protein-coding genes. The reference proteome for Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has been derived from the genome sequence prepared by the JGI Chlamydomonas sequencing project ( A).

Componentsi <p>Genomic components encoding the proteome</p>

Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Chromosome 11330
Chromosome 21585
Chromosome 31697
Chromosome 4592
Chromosome 5504
Chromosome 61639
Chromosome 71145
Chromosome 8770
Chromosome 91269
Chromosome 101161
Chromosome 11596
Chromosome 121876
Chromosome 13878
Chromosome 14657
Chromosome 15248
Chromosome 161394
Chromosome 171202
Unassembled WGS sequence285


  1. "The Chlamydomonas genome reveals the evolution of key animal and plant functions."
    Merchant S.S., Prochnik S.E., Vallon O., Harris E.H., Karpowicz S.J., Witman G.B., Terry A., Salamov A., Fritz-Laylin L.K., Marechal-Drouard L., Marshall W.F., Qu L.H., Nelson D.R., Sanderfoot A.A., Spalding M.H., Kapitonov V.V., Ren Q., Ferris P.
    Grossman A.R.
    Science 2007:245-250(2007) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  2. "Nucleotide diversity of the Chlamydomonas reinhardtii plastid genome: addressing the mutational-hazard hypothesis."
    Smith D.R., Lee R.W.
    BMC Evol. Biol. 2009:120-120(2009) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
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