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StatusReference proteome
Gene counti <p>This is the total number of unique genes found in the proteome set, algorithmically computed. For each gene, a single representative protein sequence is chosen from the proteome. Where possible, reviewed (Swiss-Prot) protein sequences are chosen as the representatives.</p> - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDi <p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the <a href="">proteome</a>. It consists of the characters ‘UP’ followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.<p><a href='/help/proteome_id' target='_top'>More...</a></p>UP000006548
Taxonomy3702 - Arabidopsis thaliana
Straincv. Columbia
Last modifiedOctober 26, 2018
Genome assembly and annotationi GCA_000001735.2 from ENA/EMBL

Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress) is a flowering plant belonging to the family Brassicaceae which contains economically important brassica and mustard species. Arabidopsis thaliana was the first plant to have its genome sequenced.

Arabidopsis thaliana is not of economic value itself, but has risen to prominence because of its small size, short generation time and small genome, which make it an ideal plant to use for research.

The Arabidopsis thaliana genome has a haploid chromosome number of 5, containing 135 Mb with 32,000 protein-coding genes. The reference proteome is derived from the genome sequence published in 2000 for the ecotype Columbia (

Componentsi <p>Genomic components encoding the proteome</p>

Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Chromosome 110311
Chromosome 26168
Chromosome 37729
Chromosome 46033
Chromosome 58986


  1. "Sequence and analysis of chromosome 3 of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana."
    Salanoubat M., Lemcke K., Rieger M., Ansorge W., Unseld M., Fartmann B., Valle G., Bloecker H., Perez-Alonso M., Obermaier B., Delseny M., Boutry M., Grivell L.A., Mache R., Puigdomenech P., De Simone V., Choisne N., Artiguenave F.
    Tabata S.
    Nature 2000:820-822(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  2. "Sequence and analysis of chromosome 4 of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana."
    Mayer K.F.X., Schueller C., Wambutt R., Murphy G., Volckaert G., Pohl T., Duesterhoeft A., Stiekema W., Entian K.-D., Terryn N., Harris B., Ansorge W., Brandt P., Grivell L.A., Rieger M., Weichselgartner M., de Simone V., Obermaier B.
    McCombie W.R.
    Nature 1999:769-777(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  3. "Sequence and analysis of chromosome 5 of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana."
    Tabata S., Kaneko T., Nakamura Y., Kotani H., Kato T., Asamizu E., Miyajima N., Sasamoto S., Kimura T., Hosouchi T., Kawashima K., Kohara M., Matsumoto M., Matsuno A., Muraki A., Nakayama S., Nakazaki N., Naruo K.
    Fransz P.F.
    Nature 2000:823-826(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  4. "Complete structure of the chloroplast genome of Arabidopsis thaliana."
    Sato S., Nakamura Y., Kaneko T., Asamizu E., Tabata S.
    DNA Res. 1999:283-290(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  5. "The mitochondrial genome of Arabidopsis thaliana contains 57 genes in 366,924 nucleotides."
    Unseld M., Marienfeld J.R., Brandt P., Brennicke A.
    Nat. Genet. 1997:57-61(1997) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  6. "Sequence and analysis of chromosome 1 of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana."
    Theologis A., Ecker J.R., Palm C.J., Federspiel N.A., Kaul S., White O., Alonso J., Altafi H., Araujo R., Bowman C.L., Brooks S.Y., Buehler E., Chan A., Chao Q., Chen H., Cheuk R.F., Chin C.W., Chung M.K.
    Davis R.W.
    Nature 2000:816-820(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  7. "Correction of Persistent Errors in Arabidopsis Reference Mitochondrial Genomes."
    Sloan D.B., Wu Z., Sharbrough J.
    Plant Cell 2018:525-527(2018) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  8. "Araport11: a complete reannotation of the Arabidopsis thaliana reference genome."
    Cheng C.Y., Krishnakumar V., Chan A.P., Thibaud-Nissen F., Schobel S., Town C.D.
    Plant J. 2017:789-804(2017) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
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