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Overview

StatusReference proteome
Proteinsi73,931
Gene counti <p>This is the total number of unique genes found in the proteome set, algorithmically computed. For each gene, a single representative protein sequence is chosen from the proteome. Where possible, reviewed (Swiss-Prot) protein sequences are chosen as the representatives.</p> - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDi <p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a>. It consists of the characters ‘UP’ followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.<p><a href='/help/proteome_id' target='_top'>More...</a></p>UP000005640
Taxonomy9606 - Homo sapiens
Last modifiedNovember 17, 2018
Genome assembly and annotationi GCA_000001405.27 from Ensembl

Homo sapiens (Homo sapiens sapiens) or modern humans are the only living species of the evolutionary branch of great apes known as hominids. Divergence of early humans from chimpanzees and gorillas is estimated to have occurred between 4 and 8 million years ago. The genus Homo (Homo habilis) appeared in Africa around 2.3 million years ago and shows the first signs of stone tool usage. The exact lineage of Homo species ie: H. habilis/H. ergaster to H. erectus to H. rhodesiensis/H.heidelbergensis to H. sapiens is still hotly disputed. However, continuing evolution and in particular larger brain size and complexity culminates in Homo sapiens. The first anatomically modern humans appear in the fossil record around 200,000 years ago. Modern humans migrated across the globe essentially as hunter-gatherers until around 12,000 years ago when the practice of agriculture and animal domestication enabled large populations to grow leading to the development of civilizations. Overall life expectancy in Europe is 81 years.

Componentsi <p>Genomic components encoding the proteome</p>

Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Proteins
Chromosome 15844
Chromosome 24770
Chromosome 34308
Chromosome 42727
Chromosome 53040
Chromosome 63795
Chromosome 73342
Chromosome 82699
Chromosome 92189
Chromosome 102173
Chromosome 114853
Chromosome 124373
Chromosome 13904
Chromosome 142837
Chromosome 152591
Chromosome 163908
Chromosome 175113
Chromosome 181262
Chromosome 196051
Chromosome 201565
Chromosome 21638
Chromosome 221618
Chromosome X2179
Chromosome Y84
Mitochondrion14
Unplaced
1063

Publications

  1. "DNA sequence of human chromosome 17 and analysis of rearrangement in the human lineage."
    Zody M.C., Garber M., Adams D.J., Sharpe T., Harrow J., Lupski J.R., Nicholson C., Searle S.M., Wilming L., Young S.K., Abouelleil A., Allen N.R., Bi W., Bloom T., Borowsky M.L., Bugalter B.E., Butler J., Chang J.L.
    Nusbaum C.
    Nature 2006:1045-1049(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  2. "The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 5."
    Schmutz J., Martin J., Terry A., Couronne O., Grimwood J., Lowry S., Gordon L.A., Scott D., Xie G., Huang W., Hellsten U., Tran-Gyamfi M., She X., Prabhakar S., Aerts A., Altherr M., Bajorek E., Black S.
    Rubin E.M.
    Nature 2004:268-274(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  3. "DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 8."
    Nusbaum C., Mikkelsen T.S., Zody M.C., Asakawa S., Taudien S., Garber M., Kodira C.D., Schueler M.G., Shimizu A., Whittaker C.A., Chang J.L., Cuomo C.A., Dewar K., FitzGerald M.G., Yang X., Allen N.R., Anderson S., Asakawa T.
    Lander E.S.
    Nature 2006:331-335(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  4. "The finished DNA sequence of human chromosome 12."
    Scherer S.E., Muzny D.M., Buhay C.J., Chen R., Cree A., Ding Y., Dugan-Rocha S., Gill R., Gunaratne P., Harris R.A., Hawes A.C., Hernandez J., Hodgson A.V., Hume J., Jackson A., Khan Z.M., Kovar-Smith C., Lewis L.R.
    null.
    Nature 2006:346-351(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  5. "The DNA sequence of human chromosome 7."
    Hillier L.W., Fulton R.S., Fulton L.A., Graves T.A., Pepin K.H., Wagner-McPherson C., Layman D., Maas J., Jaeger S., Walker R., Wylie K., Sekhon M., Becker M.C., O'Laughlin M.D., Schaller M.E., Fewell G.A., Delehaunty K.D., Miner T.L.
    Wilson R.K.
    Nature 2003:157-164(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  6. "The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 14."
    Heilig R., Eckenberg R., Petit J.-L., Fonknechten N., Da Silva C., Cattolico L., Levy M., Barbe V., De Berardinis V., Ureta-Vidal A., Pelletier E., Vico V., Anthouard V., Rowen L., Madan A., Qin S., Sun H., Du H.
    Weissenbach J.
    Nature 2003:601-607(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  7. "The DNA sequence of human chromosome 22."
    Dunham I., Hunt A.R., Collins J.E., Bruskiewich R., Beare D.M., Clamp M., Smink L.J., Ainscough R., Almeida J.P., Babbage A.K., Bagguley C., Bailey J., Barlow K.F., Bates K.N., Beasley O.P., Bird C.P., Blakey S.E., Bridgeman A.M.
    Wright H.
    Nature 1999:489-495(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  8. "The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 13."
    Dunham A., Matthews L.H., Burton J., Ashurst J.L., Howe K.L., Ashcroft K.J., Beare D.M., Burford D.C., Hunt S.E., Griffiths-Jones S., Jones M.C., Keenan S.J., Oliver K., Scott C.E., Ainscough R., Almeida J.P., Ambrose K.D., Andrews D.T.
    Ross M.T.
    Nature 2004:522-528(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  9. "The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 10."
    Deloukas P., Earthrowl M.E., Grafham D.V., Rubenfield M., French L., Steward C.A., Sims S.K., Jones M.C., Searle S., Scott C., Howe K., Hunt S.E., Andrews T.D., Gilbert J.G.R., Swarbreck D., Ashurst J.L., Taylor A., Battles J.
    Rogers J.
    Nature 2004:375-381(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  10. "The DNA sequence of human chromosome 21."
    Hattori M., Fujiyama A., Taylor T.D., Watanabe H., Yada T., Park H.-S., Toyoda A., Ishii K., Totoki Y., Choi D.-K., Groner Y., Soeda E., Ohki M., Takagi T., Sakaki Y., Taudien S., Blechschmidt K., Polley A.
    Yaspo M.-L.
    Nature 2000:311-319(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  11. "Generation and annotation of the DNA sequences of human chromosomes 2 and 4."
    Hillier L.W., Graves T.A., Fulton R.S., Fulton L.A., Pepin K.H., Minx P., Wagner-McPherson C., Layman D., Wylie K., Sekhon M., Becker M.C., Fewell G.A., Delehaunty K.D., Miner T.L., Nash W.E., Kremitzki C., Oddy L., Du H.
    Wilson R.K.
    Nature 2005:724-731(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  12. "The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 6."
    Mungall A.J., Palmer S.A., Sims S.K., Edwards C.A., Ashurst J.L., Wilming L., Jones M.C., Horton R., Hunt S.E., Scott C.E., Gilbert J.G.R., Clamp M.E., Bethel G., Milne S., Ainscough R., Almeida J.P., Ambrose K.D., Andrews T.D.
    Beck S.
    Nature 2003:805-811(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  13. "The sequence and analysis of duplication-rich human chromosome 16."
    Martin J., Han C., Gordon L.A., Terry A., Prabhakar S., She X., Xie G., Hellsten U., Chan Y.M., Altherr M., Couronne O., Aerts A., Bajorek E., Black S., Blumer H., Branscomb E., Brown N.C., Bruno W.J.
    Pennacchio L.A.
    Nature 2004:988-994(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  14. "Analysis of the DNA sequence and duplication history of human chromosome 15."
    Zody M.C., Garber M., Sharpe T., Young S.K., Rowen L., O'Neill K., Whittaker C.A., Kamal M., Chang J.L., Cuomo C.A., Dewar K., FitzGerald M.G., Kodira C.D., Madan A., Qin S., Yang X., Abbasi N., Abouelleil A.
    Nusbaum C.
    Nature 2006:671-675(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  15. "The DNA sequence and biology of human chromosome 19."
    Grimwood J., Gordon L.A., Olsen A.S., Terry A., Schmutz J., Lamerdin J.E., Hellsten U., Goodstein D., Couronne O., Tran-Gyamfi M., Aerts A., Altherr M., Ashworth L., Bajorek E., Black S., Branscomb E., Caenepeel S., Carrano A.V.
    Lucas S.M.
    Nature 2004:529-535(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  16. "The DNA sequence of the human X chromosome."
    Ross M.T., Grafham D.V., Coffey A.J., Scherer S., McLay K., Muzny D., Platzer M., Howell G.R., Burrows C., Bird C.P., Frankish A., Lovell F.L., Howe K.L., Ashurst J.L., Fulton R.S., Sudbrak R., Wen G., Jones M.C.
    Bentley D.R.
    Nature 2005:325-337(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  17. "The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 20."
    Deloukas P., Matthews L.H., Ashurst J.L., Burton J., Gilbert J.G.R., Jones M., Stavrides G., Almeida J.P., Babbage A.K., Bagguley C.L., Bailey J., Barlow K.F., Bates K.N., Beard L.M., Beare D.M., Beasley O.P., Bird C.P., Blakey S.E.
    Rogers J.
    Nature 2001:865-871(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  18. "DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 9."
    Humphray S.J., Oliver K., Hunt A.R., Plumb R.W., Loveland J.E., Howe K.L., Andrews T.D., Searle S., Hunt S.E., Scott C.E., Jones M.C., Ainscough R., Almeida J.P., Ambrose K.D., Ashwell R.I.S., Babbage A.K., Babbage S., Bagguley C.L.
    Dunham I.
    Nature 2004:369-374(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  19. "The DNA sequence, annotation and analysis of human chromosome 3."
    Muzny D.M., Scherer S.E., Kaul R., Wang J., Yu J., Sudbrak R., Buhay C.J., Chen R., Cree A., Ding Y., Dugan-Rocha S., Gill R., Gunaratne P., Harris R.A., Hawes A.C., Hernandez J., Hodgson A.V., Hume J.
    Gibbs R.A.
    Nature 2006:1194-1198(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  20. "The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1."
    Gregory S.G., Barlow K.F., McLay K.E., Kaul R., Swarbreck D., Dunham A., Scott C.E., Howe K.L., Woodfine K., Spencer C.C., Jones M.C., Gillson C., Searle S., Zhou Y., Kokocinski F., McDonald L., Evans R., Phillips K.
    Prigmore E.
    Nature 2006:315-321(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
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