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Overview

StatusReference proteome
Proteinsi48,771
Gene counti <p>This is the total number of unique genes found in the proteome set, algorithmically computed. For each gene, a single representative protein sequence is chosen from the proteome. Where possible, reviewed (Swiss-Prot) protein sequences are chosen as the representatives.</p> - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDi <p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a>. It consists of the characters ‘UP’ followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.<p><a href='/help/proteome_id' target='_top'>More...</a></p>UP000002277
Taxonomy9598 - Pan troglodytes
Last modifiedOctober 26, 2018
Genome assembly and annotationi GCA_000001515.5 from Ensembl

The genus Pan is divided into two species Pan troglodytes and Pan paniscus or Bonobo. Pan troglodytes or the common chimpanzee is a great ape and is evolutionarily the closest living species to humans, with around 30% of all proteins identical to us. Four subspecies of common chimpanzee have been identified and are spread across west and central Africa. Chimpanzees weigh between 40-70kg with an average standing height of 1.3 to 1.6m. They have dense black hair covering their bodies except the face, fingers, toes, palms of the hands and soles of the feet. They usually walk on all four limbs and use their knuckles rather than the palms of their hands, but can walk short distances upright. The thumbs and big toes are opposable providing grip for climbing and tool use. They are very adaptable and can live in a variety of habitats and are mostly herbivorous but eat insects, small mammals and occasionally other primates. They are highly intelligent and have a complex language and a hierarchical and territorial system which, when threatened, can result in intense aggressive behavior.

The current assembly covers about 97 percent of the Pan troglodytes genome and contains 3.0Gb with 18,759 protein-coding genes and 29,160 currently predicted transcripts. This low number is a result of alignment errors between human and chimp genomes resulting in loss of transfer of a number of exons.

Componentsi <p>Genomic components encoding the proteome</p>

Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Proteins
Chromosome 14550
Chromosome 2A1562
Chromosome 2B1764
Chromosome 32793
Chromosome 41878
Chromosome 52127
Chromosome 62448
Chromosome 72310
Chromosome 81634
Chromosome 91846
Chromosome 101867
Chromosome 112912
Chromosome 122565
Chromosome 13810
Chromosome 141582
Chromosome 151534
Chromosome 161842
Chromosome 172637
Chromosome 18770
Chromosome 193043
Chromosome 201241
Chromosome 221061
Chromosome X1804
Chromosome Y125
Mitochondrion14
Unplaced
1609
Chromosome 21472

Publications

  1. "Recent African origin of modern humans revealed by complete sequences of hominoid mitochondrial DNAs."
    Horai S., Hayasaka K., Kondo R., Tsugane K., Takahata N.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1995:532-536(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  2. "Initial sequence of the chimpanzee genome and comparison with the human genome."
    Nature 2005:69-87(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  3. "The DNA sequence of the chimpanzee Y chromosome."
    Hughes J.F., Pyntikova T., Skaletsky H., Minx P.J., Rozen S., Wilson R.K., Page D.C.
    Submitted (JUL-2004) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
  4. "Conservation of Y-linked genes during human evolution revealed by comparative sequencing in chimpanzee."
    Hughes J.F., Skaletsky H., Pyntikova T., Minx P.J., Graves T., Rozen S., Wilson R.K., Page D.C.
    Nature 2005:100-103(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
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