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Overview

Proteinsi <p>Number of protein entries associated with this proteome: UniProtKB entries for regular proteomes or UniParc entries for redundant proteomes (<a href="/help/proteome_redundancy">more...</a>)</p> 3,733
Gene counti <p>This is the total number of unique genes found in the proteome set, algorithmically computed. For each gene, a single representative protein sequence is chosen from the proteome. Where possible, reviewed (Swiss-Prot) protein sequences are chosen as the representatives.</p> - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDi <p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a>. It consists of the characters ‘UP’ followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.<p><a href='/help/proteome_id' target='_top'>More...</a></p>UP000001841
Taxonomy665029 - Erwinia amylovora (strain CFBP1430)
StrainCFBP1430
Last modifiedSeptember 30, 2019
Genome assembly and annotationi <p>Identifier for the genome assembly (<a href="https://www.ensembl.org/Help/Faq?id=216">more...</a>)</p> GCA_000091565.1 from ENA/EMBL
Pan proteomei <p>A pan proteome is the full set of proteins thought to be expressed by a group of highly related organisms (e.g. multiple strains of the same bacterial species).<p><a href='/help/pan_proteomes' target='_top'>More...</a></p> This proteome is part of the Erwinia tasmaniensis (strain DSM 17950 / CIP 109463 / Et1/99) pan proteome (fasta)

The genus Erwinia currently contains both pathogenic and nonpathogenic bacteria. E.amylovora is a pathogen which causes fire blight, a devastating disease of Rosaceae, which poses a major threat to apple, pear and quince. Fire blight can develop very rapidly and results in scorched symptoms which can kill an entire orchard in a year. The bacterium originated in North America and has spread to other continents; from Europe an eastward advance is threatening the native origin of apple germplasm in Central Asia. It is spread by flower-foraging insects, especially honeybees, in what is thought to be a passive association.

This highly virulent strain, CFBP1430, was isolated from hawthorn (Crataegus sp.) in 1972 in France. It is over 99.99% identical to an American isolate ATCC 49946 (ERWAE), suggesting there has been minimal evolution since the global dispersion of E.amylovora. There has however been a large-scale rearrangement of the genome resulting in a position exchange of 2 large portions of the chromosome. Additionally ERWAE has a second larger plasmid (pEA72) associated with it. Interestingly 1 type III secretion system has high homology to the insect endosymbiont Sodalis glossidinius str. morsitans (SODGM) perhaps suggesting a closer insect association beyond the known passive dispersal. Comparison with pathogenic E.pyrifoliae and the epiphyte E.tasmaniensis will hopefully shed light on the mechanisms of virulence and host range and provide information to help combat this devastating pathogen (adapted from PMID 20118253 and 20192826).

Componentsi <p>Genomic components encoding the proteome</p>

Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Proteins
Chromosome3704
Plasmid pEA2929

Publications

  1. "Complete genome sequence of the fire blight pathogen Erwinia amylovora CFBP 1430 and comparison to other Erwinia spp."
    Smits T.H., Rezzonico F., Kamber T., Blom J., Goesmann A., Frey J.E., Duffy B.
    Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 2010:384-393(2010) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
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