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StatusReference proteome
Proteinsi <p>Number of protein entries associated with this proteome: UniProtKB entries for regular proteomes or UniParc entries for redundant proteomes (<a href="/help/proteome_redundancy">more...</a>)</p> 14,335
Gene counti <p>This is the total number of unique genes found in the proteome set, algorithmically computed. For each gene, a single representative protein sequence is chosen from the proteome. Where possible, reviewed (Swiss-Prot) protein sequences are chosen as the representatives.</p> - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDi <p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the <a href="">proteome</a>. It consists of the characters ‘UP’ followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.<p><a href='/help/proteome_id' target='_top'>More...</a></p>UP000001058
Taxonomy3068 - Volvox carteri f. nagariensis
Strainf. Nagariensis / Eve
Last modifiedNovember 5, 2019
Genome assembly and annotationi <p>Identifier for the genome assembly (<a href="">more...</a>)</p> GCA_000143455.1 from ENA/EMBL full

The multicellular chlorophyte algae Volvox carteri (fierce roller) has two cell types: ~2000 small biflagellate somatic cells and ~16 large, non-motile reproductive cells contained within the algae spheroid. It is an excellent species for research into the evolution of multicellularity and development because it is a member of the morphologically diverse volocine algae and is closely related to the single celled Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.

The 138Mb genome of V. carteri was sequenced and its 14,500 predicted proteins compared to Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Analysis suggests that the origin of multicellularity in V. carteri did not occur through the evolution of novel proteins (as in animal multicellularity) but instead involved the modification of lineage-specific proteins.

Componentsi <p>Genomic components encoding the proteome</p>

Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Component representationProteins
Unassembled WGS sequence14335
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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