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Overview

Proteinsi <p>Number of protein entries associated with this proteome: UniProtKB entries for regular proteomes or UniParc entries for redundant proteomes (<a href="/help/proteome%5Fredundancy">more...</a>)</p> 4,964 sequences in UniParc
Gene counti <p>This is the total number of unique genes found in the proteome set, algorithmically computed. For each gene, a single representative protein sequence is chosen from the proteome. Where possible, reviewed (Swiss-Prot) protein sequences are chosen as the representatives.</p> - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDi <p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a>. It consists of the characters 'UP' followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.<p><a href='/help/proteome_id' target='_top'>More...</a></p>UP000000959
Taxonomy585395 - Escherichia coli O103:H2 (strain 12009 / EHEC)
Strain12009 / EHEC
Last modifiedJanuary 29, 2021
Genome assembly and annotationi <p>Identifier for the genome assembly (<a href="https://www.ensembl.org/Help/Faq?id=216">more...</a>)</p> GCA_000010745.1 from ENA/EMBL full
Buscoi <p>The Benchmarking Universal Single-Copy Ortholog (BUSCO) assessment tool is used, for eukaryotic and bacterial proteomes, to provide quantitative measures of UniProt proteome data completeness in terms of expected gene content. BUSCO scores include percentages of complete (C) single-copy (S) genes, complete (C) duplicated (D) genes, fragmented (F) and missing (F) genes, as well as the total number of orthologous clusters (n) used in the BUSCO assessment.</p> C:100%[S:99.5%,D:0.5%],F:0%,M:0%,n:440 enterobacterales_odb10
Completenessi <p>Complete Proteome Detector (CPD) is an algorithm which employs statistical evaluation of the completeness and quality of proteomes in UniProt, by looking at the sizes of taxonomically close proteomes. Possible values are 'Standard', 'Close to Standard' and 'Outlier'.</p> Standard

Escherichia coli is a Gram-negative straight rod, which either uses peritrichous flagella for mobility or is nonmotile. It is a facultatively anaerobic chemoorganotroph capable of both respiratory and fermentative metabolism. E.coli serves a useful function in the body by suppressing the growth of harmful bacterial species and by synthesising appreciable amounts of vitamins. It is an important component of the biosphere. It colonizes the lower gut of animals and survives when released to the natural environment, allowing widespread dissemination to new hosts. Pathogenic E.coli strains are responsible for infection of the enteric, urinary, pulmonary and nervous systems. Comparison of 20 E.coli/Shigella strains shows the core genome to be about 2000 genes while the pan-genome has over 18,000 genes. There are multiple, striking integration hotspots that are conserved across the genomes, corresponding to regions of abundant and parallel insertions and deletions of genetic material.

Enterohemorrhagic E.coli (EHEC) strains cause diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis, and life-threatening hemolytic uremic syndrome. They produce the Shiga toxins Stx1 and Stx2, and possess a pathogenicity island referred to as the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) which encode type III secretion system (T3SS) machinery and several other T3SS-related proteins. O103:H2 strain 12009 was isolated in Japan in 2001 from a patient with sporadic cases of diarrhea and bloody stool. Interestingly, EHEC strains with the same pathotype have emerged from multiple lineages. This is the first study to sequence non-O157 EHEC strains and shows that independent acquisition of lambdoid phages, insertion elements, and virulence plasmids has driven the evolution of each EHEC (adapted from PMID 19815525).

Componentsi <p>Genomic components encoding the proteome</p>

Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Component representationUniParc sequence(s)
Chromosome4908
Plasmid pO10361

Publications

  1. "Comparative genomics reveal the mechanism of the parallel evolution of O157 and non-O157 enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli."
    Ogura Y., Ooka T., Iguchi A., Toh H., Asadulghani M., Oshima K., Kodama T., Abe H., Nakayama K., Kurokawa K., Tobe T., Hattori M., Hayashi T.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106:17939-17944(2009) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
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