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StatusReference proteome
Gene counti <p>This is the total number of unique genes found in the proteome set, algorithmically computed. For each gene, a single representative protein sequence is chosen from the proteome. Where possible, reviewed (Swiss-Prot) protein sequences are chosen as the representatives.</p> - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDi <p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the <a href="">proteome</a>. It consists of the characters ‘UP’ followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.<p><a href='/help/proteome_id' target='_top'>More...</a></p>UP000000539
StrainRed jungle fowl
Last modifiedOctober 26, 2018
Genome assembly and annotationi GCA_000002315.3 from Ensembl

The red jungle fowl is a herbivorous and insectivorous member of the Phasianidae family. It is the closest wild ancestor of the domesticated chicken, its subspecies. After domestication had taken place 6,000-8,000 years ago in Asia, this species spread all over the world. The chicken is an important agricultural animal and a source of meat and eggs. In biomedical research it serves as a model organism to study various aspects of virology, oncogenesis, immunology, and especially embryogenesis. Since it provides an evolutionary link between mammals and other groups of vertebrates, sequencing its genome is of a significant importance.

The chicken genome has 39 chromosomes containing 1.1 Gb with 20,000-23,000 protein-coding genes. The reference proteome is derived from the genome sequence published in 2004.

Componentsi <p>Genomic components encoding the proteome</p>

Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Chromosome 13343
Chromosome 22212
Chromosome 31955
Chromosome 41804
Chromosome 51508
Chromosome 6868
Chromosome 7879
Chromosome 8926
Chromosome 9734
Chromosome 10699
Chromosome 11615
Chromosome 12600
Chromosome 13611
Chromosome 14689
Chromosome 15619
Chromosome 16145
Chromosome 17481
Chromosome 18569
Chromosome 19564
Chromosome 20589
Chromosome 21424
Chromosome 22202
Chromosome 23377
Chromosome 24329
Chromosome 25350
Chromosome 26402
Chromosome 27471
Chromosome 28482
Chromosome 3215
Chromosome W49
Chromosome Z1297
Chromosome 316
Chromosome 308


  1. "Sequence and comparative analysis of the chicken genome provide unique perspectives on vertebrate evolution."
    Hillier L.W., Miller W., Birney E., Warren W., Hardison R.C., Ponting C.P., Bork P., Burt D.W., Groenen M.A.M., Delany M.E., Dodgson J.B., Chinwalla A.T., Cliften P.F., Clifton S.W., Delehaunty K.D., Fronick C., Fulton R.S., Graves T.A.
    Wilson R.K.
    Nature 2004:695-716(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  2. "Sequence and gene organization of the chicken mitochondrial genome. A novel gene order in higher vertebrates."
    Desjardins P., Morais R.
    J. Mol. Biol. 1990:599-634(1990) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
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