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StatusReference proteome
Proteinsi <p>Number of protein entries associated with this proteome: UniProtKB entries for regular proteomes or UniParc entries for redundant proteomes (<a href="/help/proteome_redundancy">more...</a>)</p> 27,535
Gene counti <p>This is the total number of unique genes found in the proteome set, algorithmically computed. For each gene, a single representative protein sequence is chosen from the proteome. Where possible, reviewed (Swiss-Prot) protein sequences are chosen as the representatives.</p> - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDi <p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the <a href="">proteome</a>. It consists of the characters 'UP' followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.<p><a href='/help/proteome_id' target='_top'>More...</a></p>UP000000539
Taxonomy9031 - Gallus gallus
StrainRed jungle fowl
Last modifiedMay 24, 2021
Genome assembly and annotationi <p>Identifier for the genome assembly (<a href="">more...</a>)</p> GCA_000002315.5 from Ensembl full
Buscoi <p>The Benchmarking Universal Single-Copy Ortholog (BUSCO) assessment tool is used, for eukaryotic and bacterial proteomes, to provide quantitative measures of UniProt proteome data completeness in terms of expected gene content. BUSCO scores include percentages of complete (C) single-copy (S) genes, complete (C) duplicated (D) genes, fragmented (F) and missing (M) genes, as well as the total number of orthologous clusters (n) used in the BUSCO assessment, and the name of the taxonomic lineage dataset used.</p> C:95.1%[S:59.5%,D:35.6%],F:2%,M:2.9%,n:8338 aves_odb10
Completenessi <p>Complete Proteome Detector (CPD) is an algorithm which employs statistical evaluation of the completeness and quality of proteomes in UniProt, by looking at the sizes of taxonomically close proteomes. Possible values are 'Standard', 'Close to Standard' and 'Outlier'.</p> Outlier (high value)

The red jungle fowl is a herbivorous and insectivorous member of the Phasianidae family. It is the closest wild ancestor of the domesticated chicken, its subspecies. After domestication had taken place 6,000-8,000 years ago in Asia, this species spread all over the world. The chicken is an important agricultural animal and a source of meat and eggs. In biomedical research it serves as a model organism to study various aspects of virology, oncogenesis, immunology, and especially embryogenesis. Since it provides an evolutionary link between mammals and other groups of vertebrates, sequencing its genome is of a significant importance.

The chicken genome has 39 chromosomes containing 1.1 Gb with 20,000-23,000 protein-coding genes. The reference proteome is derived from the genome sequence published in 2004.

Componentsi <p>Genomic components encoding the proteome</p>

Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Component representationProteins
Chromosome 13390
Chromosome 22309
Chromosome 31939
Chromosome 41866
Chromosome 51459
Chromosome 6839
Chromosome 7794
Chromosome 8861
Chromosome 9702
Chromosome 10634
Chromosome 11556
Chromosome 12605
Chromosome 13588
Chromosome 14628
Chromosome 15598
Chromosome 16199
Chromosome 17493
Chromosome 18497
Chromosome 19508
Chromosome 20556
Chromosome 21384
Chromosome 22329
Chromosome 23417
Chromosome 24288
Chromosome 25423
Chromosome 26447
Chromosome 27506
Chromosome 28492
Chromosome 3287
Chromosome W128
Chromosome Z1329
Miscellaneous, Linkage group LGE22C19W28_E50C230
Miscellaneous, Linkage group LGE640
Chromosome 31284
Chromosome 30197


  1. "Sequence and gene organization of the chicken mitochondrial genome. A novel gene order in higher vertebrates."
    Desjardins P., Morais R.
    J. Mol. Biol. 212:599-634(1990) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  2. "Sequence and comparative analysis of the chicken genome provide unique perspectives on vertebrate evolution."
    Hillier L.W., Miller W., Birney E., Warren W., Hardison R.C., Ponting C.P., Bork P., Burt D.W., Groenen M.A.M., Delany M.E., Dodgson J.B., Chinwalla A.T., Cliften P.F., Clifton S.W., Delehaunty K.D., Fronick C., Fulton R.S., Graves T.A.
    Wilson R.K.
    Nature 432:695-716(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
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