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StatusReference proteome
Proteinsi <p>Number of protein entries associated with this proteome: UniProtKB entries for regular proteomes or UniParc entries for redundant proteomes (<a href="/help/proteome%5Fredundancy">more...</a>)</p> 27,537
Gene counti <p>This is the total number of unique genes found in the proteome set, algorithmically computed. For each gene, a single representative protein sequence is chosen from the proteome. Where possible, reviewed (Swiss-Prot) protein sequences are chosen as the representatives.</p> - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDi <p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the <a href="">proteome</a>. It consists of the characters 'UP' followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.<p><a href='/help/proteome_id' target='_top'>More...</a></p>UP000000539
Taxonomy9031 - Gallus gallus
StrainRed jungle fowl
Last modifiedJune 29, 2020
Genome assembly and annotationi <p>Identifier for the genome assembly (<a href="">more...</a>)</p> GCA_000002315.5 from Ensembl full

The red jungle fowl is a herbivorous and insectivorous member of the Phasianidae family. It is the closest wild ancestor of the domesticated chicken, its subspecies. After domestication had taken place 6,000-8,000 years ago in Asia, this species spread all over the world. The chicken is an important agricultural animal and a source of meat and eggs. In biomedical research it serves as a model organism to study various aspects of virology, oncogenesis, immunology, and especially embryogenesis. Since it provides an evolutionary link between mammals and other groups of vertebrates, sequencing its genome is of a significant importance.

The chicken genome has 39 chromosomes containing 1.1 Gb with 20,000-23,000 protein-coding genes. The reference proteome is derived from the genome sequence published in 2004.

Componentsi <p>Genomic components encoding the proteome</p>

Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Component representationProteins
Chromosome 13390
Chromosome 22309
Chromosome 31939
Chromosome 41866
Chromosome 51459
Chromosome 6839
Chromosome 7794
Chromosome 8861
Chromosome 9702
Chromosome 10634
Chromosome 11556
Chromosome 12605
Chromosome 13588
Chromosome 14628
Chromosome 15598
Chromosome 16199
Chromosome 17493
Chromosome 18497
Chromosome 19508
Chromosome 20556
Chromosome 21384
Chromosome 22329
Chromosome 23417
Chromosome 24288
Chromosome 25423
Chromosome 26447
Chromosome 27506
Chromosome 28492
Chromosome 3287
Chromosome W128
Chromosome Z1329
Chromosome 31284
Chromosome 30195


  1. "Sequence and gene organization of the chicken mitochondrial genome. A novel gene order in higher vertebrates."
    Desjardins P., Morais R.
    J. Mol. Biol. 212:599-634(1990) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  2. "Sequence and comparative analysis of the chicken genome provide unique perspectives on vertebrate evolution."
    Hillier L.W., Miller W., Birney E., Warren W., Hardison R.C., Ponting C.P., Bork P., Burt D.W., Groenen M.A.M., Delany M.E., Dodgson J.B., Chinwalla A.T., Cliften P.F., Clifton S.W., Delehaunty K.D., Fronick C., Fulton R.S., Graves T.A.
    Wilson R.K.
    Nature 432:695-716(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
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