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Overview

Proteinsi <p>Number of protein entries associated with this proteome: UniProtKB entries for regular proteomes or UniParc entries for redundant proteomes (<a href="/help/proteome%5Fredundancy">more...</a>)</p> 2,002
Gene counti <p>This is the total number of unique genes found in the proteome set, algorithmically computed. For each gene, a single representative protein sequence is chosen from the proteome. Where possible, reviewed (Swiss-Prot) protein sequences are chosen as the representatives.</p> - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDi <p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a>. It consists of the characters 'UP' followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.<p><a href='/help/proteome_id' target='_top'>More...</a></p>UP000000362
Taxonomy203120 - Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides (strain ATCC 8293 / DSM 20343 / BCRC 11652 / CCM 1803 / JCM 6124 / NCDO 523 / NBRC 100496 / NCIMB 8023 / NCTC 12954 / NRRL B-1118 / 37Y)
StrainATCC 8293 / NCDO 523
Last modifiedSeptember 8, 2020
Genome assembly and annotationi <p>Identifier for the genome assembly (<a href="https://www.ensembl.org/Help/Faq?id=216">more...</a>)</p> GCA_000014445.1 from ENA/EMBL full
Pan proteomei <p>A pan proteome is the full set of proteins thought to be expressed by a group of highly related organisms (e.g. multiple strains of the same bacterial species).<p><a href='/help/pan_proteomes' target='_top'>More...</a></p> This proteome is part of the Leuconostoc citreum (strain KM20) pan proteome (fasta)
Buscoi <p>The Benchmarking Universal Single-Copy Ortholog (BUSCO) assessment tool is used, for eukaryotic and bacterial proteomes, to provide quantitative measures of UniProt proteome data completeness in terms of expected gene content. BUSCO scores include percentages of complete (C) single-copy (S) genes, complete (C) duplicated (D) genes, fragmented (F) and missing (F) genes, as well as the total number of orthologous clusters (n) used in the BUSCO assessment.</p> C:97.3%[S:96.8%,D:0.5%],F:0.2%,M:2.5%,n:402 lactobacillales_odb10
Completenessi <p>Complete Proteome Detector (CPD) is an algorithm which employs statistical evaluation of the completeness and quality of proteomes in UniProt, by looking at the sizes of taxonomically close proteomes. Possible values are 'Standard', 'Close to Standard' and 'Outlier'.</p> Standard

Leuconostoc species are epiphytic bacteria that are wide spread in the natural environment and play an important role in several industrial and food fermentations. Leuconostoc mesenteroides is a facultative anaerobe requiring complex growth factors and amino acids. It is asporogenous and non-motile. Most strains in liquid culture appear as cocci, however, cells grown in glucose or on solid media may have an elongated or rod shaped morphology. A variety of lactic acid bacteria (LAB), including Leuconostoc species are commonly found on crop plants.

L. mesenteroides is perhaps the most predominant LAB species found on fruits and vegetables and is responsible for initiating the sauerkraut and other vegetable fermentations. L. mesenteroides starter cultures also used in some dairy and bread dough. Under microaerophilic conditions, a heterolactic fermentation is carried out. Glucose and other hexose sugars are converted to equimolar amount of D-lactate, ethanol and CO2 via a combination of the hexose monophosphate and pentose phosphate. Other metabolic pathways include conversion of citrate to diacetyl and acetoin and the production of dextrans and levan from sucrose. Commercial production dextrans and levans by L. mesenteroides, for use in the biochemical and pharmaceutical industry, has been carried out for more than 50 years. Dextrans are used in the manufacture of blood plasma extenders, heparin substitutes for anticoagulant therapy, cosmetics, and other products. Another use of dextrans is the manufacture of Sephadex gels or beads, which are widely used for industrial and laboratory protein separations. Thus L. mesenteroides has significant roles in both industrial and food fermentations. Interestingly the first observation of the production of polysaccharide "slime" from sugar, dates to the earliest days of the science of microbiology; Pasteur (1861) attributed this activity to small cocci, presumably Leuconostoc species. Viscous polysaccharides produced by L. mesenteroides are widely recognized as causing product losses and processing problems in the production of sucrose from sugar cane and sugar beets (adapted from genome.jgi-psf.org/finished_microbes/leume/leume.home.html).

Componentsi <p>Genomic components encoding the proteome</p>

Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Component representationProteins
Chromosome1970
Plasmid pLEUM133
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Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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