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Keyword - VLDL (KW-0850)

Definition

Protein present in particles of Very Low-Density Lipoproteins or protein which interacts with them. VLDL are composed of 50% triacylglycerols, 12% cholesteryl esters, 7% free cholesterol, 18% phospholipids, and 10% proteins including apoB-100, apoC-I, apoC-II, apoC-III and apoE. Excess fatty acids or carbohydrate in the diet can be converted into triacylglycerols in the liver and packaged into VLDL. These lipoproteins are transported by the blood to muscle and adipose tissue, where activation of lipoprotein lipase by apoC-II causes the release of free fatty acids from the triacylglycerols of the VLDL.

Category

Cellular component

Gene Ontology

More...
GOi

very-low-density lipoprotein particle [ GO:0034361 ]

Graphical

VLDLCellular component
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Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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