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Definition

An autosomal recessive, early-onset and fatal disorder clinically characterized by progressive cerebropulmonary symptoms, malabsorption, progressive growth failure, recurrent infections, chronic hemolytic anemia and transient liver dysfunction. Death occurs in the first years of life due to respiratory failure. Post-mortem neuropathological examination reveals increased angiomatosis-like leptomeningeal, cortical and superficial white matter vascularisation and congestion, vacuolar degeneration and myelin loss in white matter, as well as neuronal degeneration. Interstitial fibrosis and granuloma-like lesions are observed in the lungs. Hepatomegaly, steatosis and collagen accumulation are detected in the liver.

Acronym

FINCA

Synonyms

FINCA syndrome

Keywords

Neurodegeneration

 
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