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A form of nephrolithiasis, a condition in which urinary supersaturation leads to stone formation in the urinary system. Patients manifest acute renal colic with severe pain originating in the flank. Patients with small, non-obstructing stones or those with staghorn calculi may be asymptomatic. The majority of renal calculi contain calcium. CAON is characterized by calcium oxalate kidney stones.




Calcium oxalate urolithiasis
Kidney stones
Urolithiasis, calcium oxalate


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