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Molecular characterization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Delta3, Delta2-enoyl-CoA isomerase.

Geisbrecht B.V., Zhu D., Schulz K., Nau K., Morrell J.C., Geraghty M.T., Schulz H., Erdmann R., Gould S.J.

We report here the identification of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae peroxisomal Delta3,Delta2-enoyl-CoA isomerase, an enzyme that is essential for the beta-oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids. The yeast gene YLR284C was identified in an in silico screen for genes that contain an oleate response element, a transcription factor-binding site common to most fatty acid-induced genes. Growth on oleic acid resulted in a significant increase in YLR284C mRNA, demonstrating that it is indeed an oleate-induced gene. The deduced product of YLR284C contains a type 1 peroxisomal targeting signal-like sequence at its C terminus and localizes to the peroxisome in a PEX8-dependent manner. Removal of YLR284C from the S. cerevisiae genome eliminated growth on oleic acid, but had no effect on peroxisome biogenesis, indicating a role for YLR284C in fatty acid metabolism. Cells lacking YLR284C had no detectable Delta3,Delta2-enoyl-CoA isomerase activity, and a bacterially expressed form of this protein catalyzed the isomerization of 3-cis-octenoyl-CoA to 2-trans-octenoyl-CoA with a specific activity of 16 units/mg. We conclude that YLR284C encodes the yeast peroxisomal Delta3,Delta2-enoyl-CoA isomerase and propose a new name, ECI1, to reflect its enoyl-CoA isomerase activity.

J. Biol. Chem. 273:33184-33191(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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