Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

Expression of PEX11beta mediates peroxisome proliferation in the absence of extracellular stimuli.

Schrader M., Reuber B.E., Morrell J.C., Jimenez-Sanchez G., Obie C., Stroh T.A., Valle D., Schroer T.A., Gould S.J.

Mammalian cells typically contain hundreds of peroxisomes but can increase peroxisome abundance further in response to extracellular stimuli. We report here the identification and characterization of two novel human peroxisomal membrane proteins, PEX11alpha and PEX11beta. Overexpression of the human PEX11beta gene alone was sufficient to induce peroxisome proliferation, demonstrating that proliferation can occur in the absence of extracellular stimuli and may be mediated by a single gene. Time course studies indicated that PEX11beta induces peroxisome proliferation through a multistep process involving peroxisome elongation and segregation of PEX11beta from other peroxisomal membrane proteins, followed by peroxisome division. Overexpression of PEX11alpha also induced peroxisome proliferation but at a much lower frequency than PEX11beta in our experimental system. The patterns of PEX11alpha and PEX11beta expression were examined in the rat, the animal in which peroxisome proliferation has been examined most extensively. Levels of PEX11beta mRNA were similar in all tissues examined and were unaffected by peroxisome-proliferating agents. Conversely, PEX11alpha mRNA levels varied widely among different tissues, were highest in tissues that are sensitive to peroxisome-proliferating agents, and were induced more than 10-fold in response to the peroxisome proliferators clofibrate and di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate. Taken together, these data implicate PEX11beta in the constitutive control of peroxisome abundance and suggest that PEX11alpha may regulate peroxisome abundance in response to extracellular stimuli.

J. Biol. Chem. 273:29607-29614(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again