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Differential expression and androgen regulation of the human selenium-binding protein gene hSP56 in prostate cancer cells.

Yang M., Sytkowski A.J.

Low levels of dietary selenium are associated with increased risk of malignancy of several organs, including the prostate. Using a subtractive approach called linker capture subtraction, we have found that the human selenium-binding protein gene hSP56 is differentially expressed by the relatively slow-growing, androgen-sensitive prostate cancer cell line LNCaP but not by the more rapidly growing androgen-insensitive lines PC-3 and DU145. We confirmed this differential expression by Northern blot analysis. Importantly, hSP56 expression by LNCaP cells was reversibly down-regulated by exogenous androgen in a concentration-dependent manner. Marked differences in steady-state hSP56 mRNA levels were found in a variety of normal and neoplastic human cells that were examined. hSP56 expression was especially high in normal tissues that appear to benefit from the cancer-protective action of dietary selenium and was low in many neoplastic cells. The results suggest that hSP56 may play a role in determining the neoplastic phenotype.

Cancer Res. 58:3150-3153(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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