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C/EBPepsilon is a myeloid-specific activator of cytokine, chemokine, and macrophage-colony-stimulating factor receptor genes.

Williams S.C., Du Y., Schwartz R.C., Weiler S.R., Ortiz M., Keller J.R., Johnson P.F.

C/EBPepsilon is a member of the CCAAT/enhancer binding protein family of basic region/leucine zipper transcriptional activators. The C/EBPepsilon protein is highly conserved between rodents and humans, and its domain structure is very similar to C/EBPalpha. In mice C/EBPepsilon mRNA is only detected in hematopoietic tissues, including embryonic liver and adult bone marrow and spleen. Within the hematopoietic system, C/EBPepsilon is expressed primarily in myeloid cells, including promyelocytes, myelomonocytes, and their differentiated progeny. To identify potential functions of C/EBPepsilon, cell lines over-expressing the C/EBPepsilon protein were generated in the P388 lymphoblastic cell line. In contrast to the parental cell line, C/EBPepsilon-expressing cell lines displayed lipopolysaccharide-inducible expression of the interleukin-6 and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) genes as well as elevated basal expression of the MIP-1alpha and MIP-1beta chemokine genes. In the EML-C1 hematopoietic stem cell line, C/EBPepsilon mRNA levels increased as the cells progressed along the myeloid lineage, just preceding activation of the gene encoding the receptor for macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (M-CSFR). M-CSFR expression was stimulated in C/EBPepsilon-expressing P388 cell lines, when compared with either the parental P388 cells or P388 cell lines expressing either C/EBPalpha or C/EBPbeta. These results suggest that C/EBPepsilon may be an important regulator of differentiation of a subset of myeloid cell types and may also participate in the regulation of cytokine gene expression in mature cells.

J. Biol. Chem. 273:13493-13501(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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