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Molecular characterization of the human interleukin (Il)-17 receptor.

Yao Z., Spriggs M.K., Derry J.M.J., Strockbine L., Park L.S., Vanden Bos T., Zappone J., Painter S.L., Armitage R.J.

Human interleukin 17 (hIL-17) is a T-cell derived cytokine that exhibits 63% amino acid sequence identity to mouse IL-17 (mIL-17) and 57% identity to a viral protein encoded by the herpesvirus saimiri (HSV) gene 13 (HVS13). The IL-17 family of proteins binds to a unique mouse receptor (mIL-17R). Using nucleic acid hybridization techniques, a cDNA encoding a human homologue of the mIL-17R (hIL-17R) was isolated from a human T cell library. The predicted amino acid sequence of the hIL-17R is 69% identical to the mIL-17R, shares no homology with previously identified cytokine receptor families, and exhibits a broad tissue distribution. The hIL-17R gene was localized to chromosome 22. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) generated against the hIL-17R were able to block the IL-17-induced production of cytokine from human foreskin fibroblast (HFF) cells. Binding studies suggest that recombinant hIL-17 binds to the hIL-17R with low affinity.

Cytokine 9:794-800(1997) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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