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Molecular cloning and characterization of human podocalyxin-like protein. Orthologous relationship to rabbit PCLP1 and rat podocalyxin.

Kershaw D.B., Beck S.G., Wharram B.L., Wiggins J.E., Goyal M., Thomas P.E., Wiggins R.C.

Human renal cortex and heart cDNA libraries were screened for a human homolog of rabbit PCLP1 using the rabbit PCLP1 cDNA as a probe. Clones spanning 5869 base pairs with an open reading frame coding for a 528-amino acid peptide were obtained. The putative peptide contains a potential signal peptide and a single membrane-spanning region. The extracellular domain contains multiple potential sites for N- and O-linked glycosylation and 4 cysteines for potential disulfide bonding similar to rabbit PCLP1. On Northern blot a major transcript is seen at 5.9 kilobases. Antibodies to this protein show a doublet at 160/165 kDa on Western blots of human glomerular extract and a pattern of intense glomerular staining and vascular endothelial staining on immunofluorescence of human kidney sections. Comparison of the rabbit and human peptide sequences shows a high degree of identity in the transmembrane and intracellular domains (96%) with a lower degree of identity in the extracellular domain (36%). An antibody to the intracellular domain reacted across species (human, rabbit, and rat) and recognized both rabbit PCLP1 and rat podocalyxin. An interspecies Southern blot probed with a cDNA coding for the intracellular domain showed strong hybridization to all vertebrates tested in a pattern suggesting a single copy gene. We conclude that this cDNA and putative peptide represent the human homolog of rabbit PCLP1 and rat podocalyxin.

J. Biol. Chem. 272:15708-15714(1997) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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