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Suppression of the expression of a pancreatic beta-cell form of the kinesin heavy chain by antisense oligonucleotides inhibits insulin secretion from primary cultures of mouse beta-cells.

Meng Y.X., Wilson G.W., Avery M.C., Varden C.H., Balczon R.

Granular/vesicular transport is thought to be supported by microtubule-based force-generating adenosine triphosphatases such as kinesin. Kinesin is a motor molecule that has been well studied in brain and other neuronal tissues. Although vesicular transport is important for pancreatic beta-cell secretory activities, the role of kinesin in beta-cell function has not been investigated. It is hypothesized that kinesin functions as a translocator that associates with both microtubules and insulin-containing granules in beta-cells and transports the secretory granules from deep within the cytoplasm, where insulin is synthesized and processed, to the surface of beta-cells upon secretory stimulation. To test this hypothesis, a mouse beta-cell kinesin heavy chain complementary DNA was cloned and sequenced. Kinesin expression in primary cultures of mouse beta-cells then was selectively suppressed by antimouse beta-cell kinesin heavy chain antisense oligonucleotide treatment. Analysis of insulin secretion determined that the basal level of insulin secretion from the treated cells was decreased by 50%. Furthermore, glucose-stimulated insulin release from treated beta-cells was reduced by almost 70% after suppression of kinesin expression by antisense treatment. The findings from this study provide the first direct evidence that kinesin, a microtubule-based motor protein, plays an important role in insulin secretion.

Endocrinology 138:1979-1987(1997) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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