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Isolation of cDNAs from the Cri-du-chat critical region by direct screening of a chromosome 5-specific cDNA library.

Simmons A.D., Overhauser J., Lovett M.

Chromosome-specific cDNA libraries are new tools for the isolation of genes from specific genomic regions. We have used two YACs than span the approximately 2-Mb cri-du-chat critical region (CDCCR) of chromosome 5p to directly screen a chromosome 5-specific (CH5SP) fetal brain cDNA library. To compare this library with other sources for new gene discovery, the YACs were hybridized to a normalized infant brain (NIB) cDNA library that has been used extensively for expressed sequence tag (EST) generation. These screens yielded 12 cDNAs from the CH5SP fetal brain library and four cDNAs from the NIB library that mapped to discrete intervals within the CDCCR. Four cDNAs mapped within the minimal CDCCR deletion interval, with the remaining cDNAs being located beyond the boundaries. Only one cDNA shared sequence overlap between the CH5SP and NIB sets of clones. None of the remaining 11 CH5SP cDNAs were homologous to EST sequences, suggesting, in common with previous data on these libraries, that chromosome-specific cDNA libraries are a rich source of new expressed sequences. The single cDNA that did overlap with the NIB library contained two copies of a sequence motif shared with thrombospondin, properdin, and several complement proteins. This motif is usually present in adhesive proteins, and appears to mediate cell-cell or cell-substrate interactions. This new thrombospondin-like gene, and the other three cDNAs that map within the CDCCR, represent candidate genes for the cri-du-chat contiguous gene deletion syndrome.

Genome Res. 7:118-127(1997) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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