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Biochemical evidence for the existence of a pool of unassembled C2 exon-containing NR1 subunits of the mammalian forebrain NMDA receptor.

Chazot P.L., Stephenson F.A.

Optimum conditions were determined for the solubilisation of native NMDA receptors of adult mammalian brain with the retention of [3H]MK-801 radioligand binding activity. The most efficient conditions were 1% Triton X-100/1 M NaCl. The efficiency of solubilisation was as follows: cloned NMDA receptors expressed in mammalian cells > forebrain receptors > cerebellar receptors. Triton X-100/1 M NaCl-solubilised forebrain NMDA receptors had a molecular size of 710,000 daltons, but significant NR1 immunoreactivity (41%) migrated as a monomer of 125,000 daltons. Immunoaffinity purification of NMDA receptors from forebrain by anti-NR1 911-920 antibody affinity chromatography from 1% Triton X-100/1 M NaCl solubilised extracts yielded purification of the NR1 Mr 120,000 immunoreactive species, but no detectable NR2A or NR2B immunoreactivity. Immunoprecipitation of NMDA receptors from Triton X-100/1 M NaCl extracts with anti-NR1 911-920 antibodies also resulted in precipitation of NR1 subunits, but with no detectable NR2A or NR2B subunits. In contrast, by immunoprecipitation with anti-NR1 17-35 antibodies, which recognise all forms of NR1, NR1, NR2A, and NR2B immunoreactivities were detected in the immune pellets. Similarly, a co-association of NR1, NR2A, and NR2B subunits was demonstrated following extraction of forebrain membranes with 1% sodium deoxycholate (pH 9) and purification by anti-NR1 911-920 antibody affinity chromatography. These results are consistent with the identification of a pool of unassembled C2 exon-containing NR1 subunits, i.e., NR1-1a, NR1-1b, NR1-2a, and NR1-2b, selectively solubilised by 1% Triton X-100/1 M NaCl.

J. Neurochem. 68:507-516(1997) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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