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Three keratin gene mutations account for the majority of dominant simplex epidermolysis bullosa cases within the population of Ireland.

Humphries M.M., Mansergh F.C., Kiang A.-S., Jordan S.A., Sheils D.M., Martin M.J., Farrar G.J., Kenna P.F., Young M.M., Humphries P.

We have located three extended families in Ireland (population 3.5 million) with autosomal dominant simplex forms of Epidermolysis Bullosa (EBS). A mutation within the keratin type I (K14) gene (Met-->272-->Arg) in one family suffering from the generalized simplex (Koebner) form of the disease has been previously described (Humphries et al., Hum Mutat 2:37-42, 1993). Here we report on the identification of mutations within the remaining two families, both of whom suffer from the Weber-Cockayne form of the disease. These mutations, within the type II keratin (K5) gene, are Asn-->193-->Lys and Met-->327-->Thr. They have been shown in each case to co-segregate with the disease and are not present in the normal population. Within the three families, a total of 44 living persons with such mutations have been identified, providing a minimum prevalence estimate for the disease in the Irish population of approximately 1 in 80,000, compared to an overall estimated global incidence at birth for all forms of EB of 1 in 50,000. Therefore, these three mutations probably account for the majority of cases of EBS within this population.

Hum. Mutat. 8:57-63(1996) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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