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Induction of phosphoglycerate kinase 1 gene expression by hypoxia. Roles of Arnt and HIF1alpha.

Li H., Ko H.P., Whitlock J.P. Jr.

To identify new dimerization partners for the aromatic hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (Arnt), we used its N-terminal region (amino acids 1-470) as a target in a two-hybrid screening procedure, and we cloned the murine form of hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF1alpha). Sequence comparisons reveal substantial identity between mouse and human HIF1alpha. Hypoxia induces a 10-fold accumulation of phosphoglycerate kinase 1 mRNA in wild type mouse hepatoma (Hepa 1c1c7) cells; the induction mechanism is Arnt dependent because induction does not occur in Arnt-defective cells. Furthermore, induction of phosphoglycerate kinase 1 mRNA requires Arnt's N-terminal region, which mediates DNA binding and heterodimerization; in contrast, induction does not require Arnt's C-terminal region, which mediates transactivation. We also show that a GAL4-HIF1alpha fusion protein transactivates a GAL4-dependent gene in the absence of Arnt, that HIF1alpha's transactivation capability is inducible by hypoxia, and that both hypoxia responsiveness and transactivation capability reside within the C-terminal 83 amino acids of HIF1alpha. Our findings generate new insights into the mechanism by which Arnt and HIF1alpha induce transcription in response to hypoxia.

J. Biol. Chem. 271:21262-21267(1996) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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