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Changes in expression of nonmuscle myosin heavy chain isoforms during muscle and nonmuscle tissue development.

Murakami N., Trenkner E., Elzinga M.

Anti-human platelet myosin antibodies and two anti-peptide antibodies, anti-peptide IIA and anti-peptide IIB, which recognize macrophage-type (MIIA) and brain-type (MIIB) isoforms of nonmuscle myosin heavy chain, respectively, were used to study expression of nonmuscle myosin isoforms in various tissues of mice during development. Tissue-specific changes in the relative isoform concentrations were observed by performing immunoblots of crude myosin extracts from nonmuscle and muscle tissues. In fetal and neonatal mouse tissues, the anti-peptide IIB antibodies stained a single band, called MIIB2, while the anti-peptide IIA and anti-platelet myosin antibodies stained a band that migrated faster than MIIB2. In brain, a slower moving band, MIIB1, started to appear at 2 weeks after birth, and in the adult cerebellum it was at least as abundant as MIIB2. In thymus, MIIB2 decreased selectively shortly after birth, while in liver both MIIB2 and MIIA rapidly disappeared, but the isoform(s) detected by anti-platelet myosin antibodies (MIIApla) remained constant. The MIIB2 and MIIA as well as MIIApla found in striated muscles from fetal and neonatal mice decreased to levels that were below the limit of detection by 3 weeks of age. In cryosections of skeletal and cardiac muscles, MIIB2 was localized within the muscle cells, while MIIA and MIIApla were primarily in the blood vessels and capillaries.

Dev. Biol. 157:19-27(1993) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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