Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

O-linked fucose and other post-translational modifications unique to EGF modules.

Harris R.J., Spellman M.W.

Three types of unusual post-translational modification have been found within conserved amino acid sequences in epidermal growth factor homology regions (EGF modules) of some multidomain proteins. beta-Hydroxyaspartate and beta-hydroxyasparagine are found within -Cys-Xxx-Asp/Asn-Xxx-Xxx-Xxx-Xxx-Tyr/Phe-Xxx-Cys-Xxx-Cys-sequences. (Xyl alpha 1-->3)Xyl alpha 1-->3Glc beta 1-->O-Ser glycans at conserved sites within -Cys-Xxx-Ser-Xxx-Pro-Cys-sequences have been reported in several proteins. Fuc alpha 1-->O-Thr/Ser modifications have been found at conserved sites within -Cys-Xxx-Xxx-Gly-Gly-Thr/Ser-Cys-sequences. More recently, it has been discovered that the Ser residue corresponding to the potential O-fucosylation site in human factor IX carries the novel tetrasaccharide NeuAc alpha 2-->6Gal beta 1-->4GlcNAc beta 1-->3Fuc alpha 1-->O-Ser; this tetrasaccharide can be considered to be an extension of the Fuc alpha 1-->O moiety. The consensus sequences for these post-translational modifications are in close proximity to each other; e.g. human factor IX has all three unusual modifications within a 12 amino acid linear sequence. In proteins with multiple EGF modules, the O-glycosidic modifications have been found only within the N-terminal EGF module; beta-hydroxyaspartate/asparagine residues are not restricted in the same fashion. Little is known yet about the functions of, or possible relationships between, any of these modifications.

Glycobiology 3:219-224(1993) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again