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Cloning and expression of three isoforms of the human EP3 prostanoid receptor.

Adam M., Boie Y., Rushmore T.H., Mueller G., Bastien L., McKee K.T., Metters K.M., Abramovitz M.

Functional cDNA clones coding for three isoforms of the human prostaglandin E receptor EP3 subtype have been isolated from kidney and uterus cDNA libraries. The three isoforms, designated hEP3-I, hEP3-II and hEP3-III, have open reading frames corresponding to 390, 388 and 365 amino acids, respectively. They differ only in the length and amino acid composition of their carboxy-terminal regions, beginning at position 360. The human EP3 receptor has seven predicted transmembrane spanning domains and therefore belongs to the G-protein-coupled receptor family. The rank order of potency for prostaglandins and related analogs in competition for [3H]PGE2 specific binding to membranes prepared from transfected COS cells was comparable for all three isoforms, and as predicted for the EP3 receptor, with PGE2 = PGE1 >> PGF2 alpha = iloprost > PGD2 >> U46619. In addition, the EP3-selective agonist MB28767 was a potent competing ligand with an IC50 value of 0.3 nM, whereas the EP1-selective antagonist AH6909 gave IC50 values of 2-7 microM and the EP2-selective agonist butaprost was inactive. In summary, we have cloned three isoforms of the human EP3 receptor having comparable ligand binding properties.

FEBS Lett. 338:170-174(1994) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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