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Novel isoforms of human cyclic AMP-responsive element modulator (hCREM) mRNA.

Fujimoto T., Fujisawa J., Yoshida M.

The cyclic AMP-response element (CRE), a transcriptional enhancer, is regulated by CREB (CRE-binding protein) which is the leucine zipper protein phosphorylated by protein kinase A in response to cAMP signal. The highly homologous protein CREM (CRE-modulator) is thought to modulate CREB-stimulated transcription, and is also involved in transcriptional control during spermatogenesis. In this paper, we report two types of cDNAs of human CREM (hCREM), type 1 and type 2; type 1 is a group of human counterparts of the mouse CREM alpha and type 2 is a novel form having a distinct 5' exon which is unrelated to any species of the CREB and CREM isoforms so far described. This unique 5' region of type 2 hCREM may suggest its independent expression from type 1 CREM. The specific 5' region of type 2 hCREM consisted of 88 bp, containing an initiation codon for translation, but no possible phosphorylation site, suggesting different roles from type 1 CREM. Both type 1 and 2 hCREMs are expressed in lymphoid and non-lymphoid cell lines. Their excess expression by transfection induced suppression of cAMP-mediated activation of transcription, suggesting their negative regulation of CRE-mediated transcription.

J. Biochem. 115:298-303(1994) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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